The Syrian Arab Republic is contaminated by mines and explosive remnants of war (ERW), including cluster munition remnants, a legacy of Arab-Israeli wars since 1948 and the ongoing armed conflict. The fighting has involved extensive use of indiscriminate weapons, which cause both immediate and long-term damage as they result in high levels of contamination of ERW. The Syrian conflict has been marked by a severe lack of access to affected populations, including mine action activities.
In 2012, the UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) reported that it received US$1.4 million from the UN Supervision Mission in Syria for initial operations in Syria. Also in 2012, Sweden contributed SEK7.26 million ($1.07 million) to the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) to provide three technical experts to support emergency operations planning and training with UNMAS.
In June 2013, UNMAS had reduced its budget requirements for 2013 from $5 million to $800,000, largely because of restricted access in Syria, but still remained unfunded for the year as of June 2013. Sweden provided MSB with $425,401 from January–June 2013.
 UNMAS, “UNMAS 2012 Annual Report,” p. 9; and “MSB operations as a result of the conflict in Syria,” MSB International Operations Magazine, June 2013, p. 11.
 Financial Tracking Service, “Humanitarian Aid for Syria Crisis,” 25 July 2013.