Summary: Signatory the Gambia has expressed its intent to ratify the convention and has conducted consultations as part of the ratification process. The Gambia has participated in several meetings of the convention, most recently in 2013, and voted for the first UN resolution on the convention in December 2015. The Gambia states that it has never used, produced, or stockpiled cluster munitions.
The Republic of the Gambia signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 3 December 2008.
In November 2015, the deputy permanent secretary of the Ministry of Defence, Mamadou L.F.K Jammeh, told a workshop on the convention that it is “very important to our security and safety,” but did not elaborate on the status of Gambia’s ratification of the convention. Since 2011, the Gambia has expressed its desire to ratify the convention on several occasions.
On 7 December 2015, the Gambia voted in favor of the first UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution on the Convention on Cluster Munitions, which urges states outside the convention to “join as soon as possible.”
The Gambia participated in two meetings of the Oslo Process and, while it did not attend the formal negotiations in Dublin in May 2008, it signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions in Oslo in December 2008.
The Gambia was invited to, but did not attend the First Review Conference of the convention in Dubrovnik, Croatia in September 2015. It participated in the first three Meetings of States Parties of the convention, but not those held in 2013 and 2014. The Gambia attended a regional workshop on the convention in Lomé, Togo in May 2013, where it endorsed a commitment to ratify the convention at the earliest opportunity.
The Gambia has voted in favor of UNGA resolutions condemning the use of cluster munitions in Syria, most recently in December 2015.
The Gambia is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.
Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling
The Gambia has stated on several occasions that it has never used, produced, or stockpiled cluster munitions.
 Officials from various government ministries as well as staff from the National Assembly attended the workshop convened by CMC member the West African Network for Peace Building (WANEP) with the aim of discussing ways to accelerate the ratification process. Abdoulie Nyockeh, “WANEP Gambia pushes for ratification of anti-munitions convention,” The Point, 30 November 2015.
 In May 2013, it stated the ratification package was awaiting cabinet approval and would then be submitted to the National Assembly for consideration and adoption. Statement of the Gambia, Lomé Regional Seminar on the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Lomé, Togo, 23 May 2013.Statement of the Gambia, Accra Regional Conference on the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Accra, 28 May 2012; statement of the Gambia, Convention on Cluster Munitions Second Meeting of States Parties, Beirut, 14 September 2011. At a “stakeholders workshop” on the convention held in Banjul on 14 August 2014, the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Defence, Yusupha Dibba, expressed his support for the convention. Rohey Jadama, “Gambia: Stakeholders Workshop On the Convention On Cluster Munition Concluded,” AllAfrica Global Media, 23 August 2014.
 “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 70/54, 7 December 2015.
 For details on the Gambia’s policy and practice regarding cluster munitions through early 2009, see Human Rights Watch and Landmine Action, Banning Cluster Munitions: Government Policy and Practice (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, May 2009), pp. 77–78.
 “Lomé Strategy on the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” Lomé Regional Seminar on the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Lomé, Togo, 23 May 2013.
 “Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution 70/234, 23 December 2015. The Gambia voted in favor of similar resolutions on 15 May and 18 December 2013 and on 18 December 2014.
 Statement by Ousman Sonko, Secretary of State for the Interior, Convention on Cluster Munitions Signing Conference, in Oslo, 4 December 2008; statement by Ousman Sonko, Minister of the Interior and NGO Affairs, Berlin Conference on the Destruction of Cluster Munitions, in Berlin, 26 June 2009; statement of the Gambia, Convention on Cluster Munitions First Meeting of States Parties, Vientiane, 10 November 2010. Notes by the CMC; statement of the Gambia, Convention on Cluster Munitions Second Meeting of States Parties, Beirut, 14 September 2011. Notes by the CMC; and statement of the Gambia, Accra Regional Conference on the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Accra, 28 May 2012.