Burkina Faso signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997 and ratified it on 16 September 1998, becoming a State Party on 1 March 1999. Burkina Faso has never used, produced, imported, exported, or stockpiled antipersonnel mines, including for training purposes. Burkina Faso was the 40th country to ratify the treaty, triggering its entry into force six months later. Legislation to enforce the antipersonnel mine prohibition domestically was enacted in 2001. Burkina Faso submitted its ninth Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report on 31 March 2008, but has not submitted subsequent annual reports.
Burkina Faso is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) and its Amended Protocol II on landmines, but not CCW Protocol V on explosive remnants of war.
Burkina Faso attended the Tenth Meeting of States Parties in Geneva in November–December 2010 and the Mine Ban Treaty intersessional Standing Committee meetings in Geneva in June 2011.