Last updated: 27 July 2017

Casualties Overview

All known mine/ERW casualties by end 2016

64,662 (19,748 killed; 44,914 injured) since 1979

Casualties occurring in 2016

83 (2015: 111)

2016 casualties by survival outcome

25 killed; 58 injured (2015: 18 killed; 93 injured)

2016 casualties by device type

26 antipersonnel mines; 16 antivehicle mines; 41 explosive remnants of war (ERW)


Details and trends

In 2016 the Cambodia Mine/Unexploded Ordnance Victim Information System (CMVIS) recorded 83 casualties from mines/ERW in the Kingdom of Cambodia. Of the total, 76 casualties were civilian, four were demining personnel, and three were military. Adults made up 63 of the casualties (59 men and four women) and children (20; 16 boys and four girls) made up 24% of civilian casualties.[1]

The 83 mine/ERW casualties in 2016 marked a 25% decrease from the 2015 total. It also marked the first time that the total annual casualty figure was less than 100 people.[2] In 2015, CMVIS recorded 111 casualties from mines, ERW, and unexploded submunitions. Of the total, 100 casualties were civilian, 10 were military, and one was a deminer.[3] There were six deminer casualties in 2014. CMVIS recorded 154 mine/ERW casualties in 2014,[4] which represented an irregularity from the continuing trend of significant decreases in the number of annual casualties: 111 recorded in 2013, 186 in 2012, 211 in 2011, and 286 in 2010.

In 2015, 31 casualties (31% of civilian casualties) were children, including seven girls and 24 boys. This marked an increase in the percentage of civilian casualties, but a slight decrease in real terms from 21% (33) in 2014, 26% in 2013, and 35% in 2012.

As in recent years, most casualties were caused by ERW. There was a change in the trend, since 2010, of antivehicle mines causing a significant proportion of casualties comparable to antipersonnel mines; with 16 antivehicle mine casualties in 2016, compared to 26 from antipersonnel mines.

As of the end of 2016, CMVIS reported at least 64,662 mine/ERW casualties in Cambodia: 19,748 people killed and another 44,914 injured since 1979. Among the survivors injured, 9,008 people (14%) had amputations. Of the total casualties, 51,040 (79%) were caused by mines and 13,622 (21%) by ERW, including unexploded submunitions.[5]

Cluster munition casualties

For the first time since 2009, Cambodia did not report any cluster munition casualties in 2016. Two casualties from unexploded submunitions were recorded in 2015 and one in 2014. For the period from 1998 to the end of 2015, 197 cluster munition remnant casualties were reported in Cambodia.[6] Data collection on cluster munition casualties has been limited and the total number, although not known, is thought to be much higher than reported. Cambodia is considered to be among the states “worst affected” by cluster munitions, with responsibility for significant numbers of cluster munition victims.[7]

[1] Monitor analysis of CMVIS casualty data provided by email from Nguon Monoketya, CMVIS Officer, Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA), 22 February 2017.

[2]Landmine casualties drop by 25 percent,” Khmer Times, 20 January 2017.

[3] Monitor analysis of CMVIS casualty data provided by email from Nguon Monoketya, CMVIS Officer, Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA), 25 January 2015.

[4] Ibid., 30 January 2014.

[5] CMAA, “CMVIS Monthly Report December 2016,” undated.

[6] For the period 2005 to the end of 2012, 120 cluster munition remnant casualties were identified by CMVIS. Another 83 casualties, which occurred prior to 2005, were reported in Handicap International (HI), Circle of Impact: The Fatal Footprint of Cluster Munitions on People and Communities (HI: Brussels, May 2007), pp. 23 and 26; and Monitor analysis of CMVIS casualty data provided by email from Nguon Monoketya, CMAA, 14 March 2013. See also previous Cambodia country profiles available on the Monitor website. Prior to 2006, cluster munition remnant incidents were not differentiated from other ERW incidents in data.

[7]Draft Beirut Progress Report,” CCM/MSP/2011/WP.5, 25 August 2011, pp. 10–11. The definition of a cluster munition victim encompasses the individuals, their families, and affected communities.