Mine Ban Policy

Last updated: 02 November 2011


Chile signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997 and ratified it on 10 September 2001, becoming a State Party on 1 March 2002. Chile has not adopted comprehensive national legislation, but it has stated on several occasions that legislation to implement the Mine Ban Treaty is being prepared. In May 2009, Chile stated that its existing laws sufficiently cover the various issues required for implementation, citing the Arms Control Act No. 17.798, which addresses all weapons and explosives, including landmines. Chile nonetheless reiterated its intent to adopt specific legislation for the Mine Ban Treaty. The draft legislation in preparation by various ministries would also serve to implement aspects of the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) Amended Protocol II and Protocol V, as well as the conventions on the rights of persons with disabilities and cluster munitions.[1]

Chile did not submit a Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report for calendar year 2010; its most recent Article 7 report was submitted in 2010 for calendar year 2009.

Chile attended the Tenth Meeting of States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty in Geneva in November–December 2010, as well as the intersessional Standing Committee meetings in June 2011.

Chile is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and its Amended Protocol II on landmines and Protocol V on explosive remnants of war. Chile has not submitted an Article 13 report for Amended Protocol II since 2007.

Production, transfer, stockpiling, and retention

Chile is a former producer, exporter, importer, and user of antipersonnel mines. It has reported that it ended production and export in 1985.[2] Chile finished destroying its stockpile of 300,039 antipersonnel mines in August 2003.[3] According to its most recent Article 7 report for calendar year 2009, Chile retains 3,346 mines for training its military in humanitarian disarmament. In 2009, Chile destroyed 725 retained mines during training exercises. [4]


Chile used mines in the 1970s and 1980s along its borders with Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru.


[1] Statement of Chile, Standing Committee on the General Status and Operation of the Convention, Mine Ban Treaty, Geneva, 25 May 2009.

[2] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form A, 30 April 2007.

[3] Chile initially reported destruction of a stockpile of 299,219 antipersonnel mines. See Landmine Monitor Report 2004, pp. 300–302. However, Chile’s Article 7 reports submitted since 2005 each cited destruction of 300,039 mines from 4 December 1999 to 25 August 2003. See for example, Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form B, 30 April 2009.

[4] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form D, 30 April 2010.