The Republic of Botswana signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997 and ratified it on 1 March 2000, becoming a State Party on 1 September 2000. Botswana has never used, produced, imported, exported, or stockpiled antipersonnel mines. Legislation to enforce the antipersonnel mine prohibition domestically has not yet been enacted. Botswana submitted its initial Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report on 28 September 2001, but has not submitted subsequent annual reports. In 2001, Botswana reported retaining seven inert antipersonnel mines and three antivehicle mines for training purposes, but has not subsequently reported on the status of these mines.
Botswana is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.
Botswana did not attend any Mine Ban Treaty meetings in 2010 or the first half of 2011.