Summary: Signatory Cyprus has committed to ratify the convention, but its parliament still has not approved draft ratification legislation introduced in 2011. Cyprus has participated in several meetings of the convention, most recently in September 2017. It, however, abstained from the vote on a key United Nations (UN) resolution promoting the convention in December 2017.
Cyprus states that it has never used or produced cluster munitions. It has not provided information on its stockpiled cluster munitions, but transferred 3,760 cluster munitions and 2,559 submunitions to Bulgaria in 2014 for the purposes of destruction.
The Republic of Cyprus signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 23 September 2009.
In October 2017, Cyprus explained why it abstained from voting for a non-binding resolution bythe UN General Assembly (UNGA) thaturges states outside the Convention on Cluster Munitionsto “join as soon as possible.”Cyprus said that itsratification of the convention is dependent on “considerations related to the abnormal security situation on the island” and expressed hope that “those issues can and will be resolved, which will enable us to ratify the Convention and vote in favour of the draft resolution.”
Cyprus made the same remarks in 2015 and 2016 when abstaining from previous UNGA resolutions promoting implementation and universalization of the convention.
Cyprus participated in one international conference of the Oslo Process to develop the convention text in Vienna in December 2007, but attended the formal negotiations of the convention in Dublin in May 2008 and the Convention on Cluster Munitions Signing Conference in Oslo in December 2008 only as an observer.
Cyprus subsequently signed the convention at the UN in New York in September 2009, becoming the 100thsignatory to the convention. Cyprus informed States Parties that it was expected to complete ratification in 2012 following the introduction of the legislation approving ratification in the House of Representatives in 2011. However, in April 2013, a government official informed the Monitor that ratification of the convention had “unfortunately…been put on hold” due to “other considerations.” In May 2015, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs told the Monitor that the parliament was still considering ratification and “the fact that Turkey, whose occupation forces have been stationed illegally on Cyprus since 1974, has not yet joined the convention.” Since 2011, various government officials have communicated with the Monitor and the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) about the ratification process.
Cyprus has participated in several Meetings of States Parties of the convention, most recently the Seventh Meeting of States Parties in Geneva in September 2017. It attended the convention’s intersessional meetings in 2011–2013.
Cyprus has voted in favor of UNGA resolutions expressing outrage at the use of cluster munitions in Syria, most recently in December 2017.
Cyprus is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. Cyprus is also party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW).
Use, production, and transfer
Cyprus informed the Monitor in 2012 that it has never used, produced, or transferred cluster munitions.
Stockpiling and destruction
Cyprus has not provided information on the quantities and types of its stockpiled cluster munitions orsubmitted a voluntary Article 7 transparency report detailing such information.
However, Cyprus transferred 3,760 4.2-inch OF projectiles for the GRM 20 mortar system and 2,559 M20G submunitions to Bulgaria in 2014 for the purposes of stockpile destruction, according to Bulgaria’s 2017 transparency report for the convention. According to Bulgaria, the cluster munitions are held by the private company EXPAL Bulgaria, which it said “should apply for and obtain a permission for destruction of [the cluster munitions].”
Cyprus has 122mm BM-21 Grad multiple launch rockets, but it is not known if these weapons have cluster munition warheads. Cyprus acquired other systems capable of delivering submunitions, including Zuzana 155mm howitzers imported via Greece from Slovakia in 2007 and M63 Plamenand M77 Oganjmultiple-barrel rocket launchers from Yugoslavia in the 1980s.
Additionally, in 2010, a Ministry of Foreign Affairs official asserted that Turkish armed forces “have stocked considerable quantities of cluster bombs in the occupied territory of the Republic [of Cyprus].”
Cyprus has not indicated if it will retain cluster munitions for research or training.
 Explanation of Vote by Cyprus, UNGA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security, New York, 31 October 2017. See also, “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 72/54, 4 December 2017.
 Explanation of Vote by Cyprus, UNGA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security, New York, 4 November 2015; “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 70/54, 7 December 2015. See also, Explanation of Vote by Cyprus, UNGA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security, New York, 31 October 2016; and “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 71/45, December 2016.
 Statement of Cyprus, Convention on Cluster Munitions Second Meeting of States Parties, Beirut, 16 September 2011. In May 2011, a government official said that the draft ratification legislation and the text of the convention translated into Greek had been sent to the House of Representatives for approval. Email from Maria Michael, Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of Cyprus to the UN in Geneva, 27 May 2011. After its adoption in parliament, the ratification legislation must be signed by the president.
 Letter from Basil Polemitis, Security Policy Director, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to Mary Wareham, Advocacy Director, Arms Division, Human Rights Watch (HRW), 24 April 2013.
 Letter from Elena Rafti, Security Policy Director, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to Mary Wareham, HRW, 27 May 2015.
 In April 2014, a Cypriot representative informed the CMC that the ratification process had been put on hold for three years because of the country’s financial situation and International Monetary Fund (IMF) restrictions that inhibit Cyprus from spending funds to meet its anticipated stockpile destruction obligations. CMC meeting with Georgeos S. Yiangou, Counsellor, Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of Cyprus to the UN in Geneva, Convention on Cluster Munitions Intersessional Meetings, Geneva, 10 April 2014. In September 2012, officials said that draft ratification legislation introduced in 2011 was still awaiting parliamentary approval, leaving the ratification process “stalled” but “not suspended.” CMC meeting with George Stavrinou, Attaché, Security Policy Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Convention on Cluster Munitions Third Meeting of States Parties, Oslo, 13 September 2012.
 Cyprus attended the Meetings of States Parties held in 2011, 2012, 2016, and 2017.
 “Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution 72/191, 19 December 2017. Cyprus voted in favor of similar resolutions in 2013–2016.
 Letter from Dr. Kozakou-Marcoullis, Minister of Foreign Affairs,to Mary Wareham, HRW, 19 April 2012; and email from George Stavrinou, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 17 August 2012.
 International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2005–2006 (London: Routledge, 2005), p. 117; and Colin King, ed., Jane’s Explosive Ordnance Disposal 2007–2008, CD-edition, 15 January 2008 (Surrey, UK: Jane’s Information Group Limited, 2008).
 Response to Monitor questionnaire by Panayiotis Papadopoulos, Counsellor, Political Affairs Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 22 June 2010.