Haiti

Cluster Munition Ban Policy

Last updated: 03 July 2018

Summary: Signatory Haiti is in the process of ratifying the convention. It voted in favor of a key United Nations (UN) resolution promoting the convention in December 2017. Haiti has attended three Meetings of States Parties of the convention, most recently in 2017. Haiti is not known to have used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.

Policy

The Republic of Haiti signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 28 October 2009.

In September 2017, Haiti told States Parties that a “draft decree of ratification of the convention has been submitted for assessment by the legislature.”[1] Previously, the Senate president said in 2012 that the National Assembly was considering ratification of the convention.[2]

Haiti did not participate in the Oslo Process that created the Convention on Cluster Munitions but signed the convention on 28 October 2009.

Haiti has attended several meetings of the convention, most recently the Seventh Meetings of States Parties in Geneva in September 2017.[3]

In December 2017, Haiti voted in favor of a UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution that urges states outside the convention to “join as soon as possible.”[4] It voted in favor of a previous UNGA resolution promoting implementation of the convention in 2016 and was absent from the first resolution in 2015.

Haiti has also voted in favor of UNGA resolutions expressing outrage at the use of cluster munitions in Syria.

Haiti is party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Haiti is not known to have used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.



[1] Unofficial translation. “Aujourd’hui, ma delegation est en mesure de confirmer que le projet de décret de ratification de la Convention sur les armes à sous-munitions a été soumis à l’appréciation du pouvoir législatif.” Statement of Haiti, Convention on Cluster Munitions Seventh Meeting of States Parties, Geneva, 4 September 2017. Official audio recording, UN Digital Recordings Portal.

[2]Haïti – Politique: Assemblée Nationale en vue de ratifier des accords internationaux” (“Haiti – Politics: National Assembly to ratify international agreements”), Haiti Libre, 30 January 2012.

[3] Haiti participated in the convention’s Meetings of States Parties in 2013, 2014, and 2017.

[4]Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 72/54, 4 December 2017.