Cluster Munition Ban Policy
Summary: State Party Mauritius acceded to the convention on 1 October 2015 and enacted implementing legislation for the convention in June 2016. Mauritius has participated in several meetings of the convention. It voted in favor of a United Nations (UN) resolution on the convention in December 2017. Mauritius provided its initial transparency report for the convention in April 2017, which confirms it has never produced cluster munitions and possesses no stocks, including for research and training.
The Republic of Mauritius acceded to the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 1 October 2015, and the convention entered into force for the country on 1 April 2016.
Mauritius’ implementing legislation for the convention also covers its implementation of the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty. The Anti-Personnel Mines and Cluster Munitions (Prohibition) Act 2016 prohibits cluster munitions and includes penal sanctions of up to 15-years’ imprisonment.
Mauritius submitted its initial Article 7 transparency report for the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 30 April 2017. As of 25 June 2018, it has not provided the annual updated report, due by 30 April 2018.
Mauritius participated in one meeting of the Oslo Process that created the Convention on Cluster Munitions, a regional conference held in Kampala, Uganda in September 2008.
Mauritius did not sign the convention at the Signing Conference in Oslo, Norway in December 2008, but acceded in 2015 after government officials expressed support for the convention.
Mauritius has participated in several meetings of the convention, most recently in September 2017.
Mauritius voted in favor of a UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution in December 2017, which urges states outside the Convention on Cluster Munitions to “join as soon as possible.”
According to the Anti-Personnel Mines and Cluster Munitions (Prohibition) Act 2016, “no person shall in any manner assist, encourage or induce any other person to engage in any [of the prohibited acts].” The law has a lengthy extra-territoriality provision that establishes jurisdiction over, inter alia, people or companies from Mauritius who violate the law beyond the nation’s borders and others who affect people or businesses within Mauritius through violations outside of the country.
Mauritius has not elaborated its views on the prohibition on transit and foreign stockpiling of cluster munitions or the prohibition on investing in cluster munition production.
Mauritius is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is also party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.
Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling
 The Anti-Personnel Mines and Cluster Munitions (Prohibition) Act 2016, Act No. 11 of 2016, entered into force 25 June 2016. It repealed the Anti-Personnel Mines (Prohibition) Act.
 The report covers the period from 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2017.
 Mauritius attended a regional conference held in Kampala, Uganda in September 2008. For more information, see ICBL, Cluster Munition Monitor 2010 (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, October 2010), pp. 228–229.
 In May 2012, Mauritius stated that the National Humanitarian Law Committee of the Prime Minister’s Office was examining the implications of Mauritius acceding to the ban convention. Statement of Mauritius, Accra Regional Conference on the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Accra, 28 May 2012. In April 2012, an official in the Prime Minister’s Office informed the Monitor that Mauritius intended to “do its best” to sign and ratify the convention in the near future. Response to Monitor questionnaire by Raj Guzadhur, Officer, Prime Minister’s Office, 10 April 2012. In 2010, government representatives said that Mauritius was considering becoming a party to the convention and that there were no obstacles for it to join. CMC meeting with the delegation of Mauritius to the Convention on Cluster Munitions First Meeting of States Parties, Vientiane, 10 November 2010; and CMC meeting with the delegation of Mauritius, International Conference on the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Santiago, 7–9 June 2010. Notes by the CMC.
 Mauritius attended the convention’s Meetings of States Parties in 2010, 2012, and 2016 as well as intersessional meetings in 2011–2015 and regional workshops, most recently in Lusaka, Zambia in June 2015.
 “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 72/54, 4 December 2017. Mauritius voted in favor of similar resolutions in 2015 and 2016.
 The Anti-Personnel Mines and Cluster Munitions (Prohibition) Act 2016, Section 4(1)(b).
 Ibid., Section 9.
 Statement of Mauritius, Accra Regional Conference on the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Accra, 28 May 2012; response to Monitor questionnaire by Raj Guzadhur, Prime Minister’s Office, 10 April 2012; response to Monitor questionnaire by Gulshan Ramreka, Prime Minister’s Office, 28 March 2011; and Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, Form A, 30 April 2017.
Mine Ban Policy
The Republic of Mauritius signed and ratified the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997, becoming a State Party on 1 March 1999. Mauritius has never used or produced antipersonnel mines. Legislation to enforce the antipersonnel mine prohibition domestically was adopted in April 2001. Mauritius submitted its seventh Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report on 4 April 2008, but has not submitted subsequent annual reports.
It destroyed its stockpile of 93 antipersonnel mines in November 2003 and did not retain any mines for training purposes.
Mauritius did not attend any Mine Ban Treaty meetings in 2010 or the first half of 2011.
Mauritius is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons but not its Amended Protocol II on landmines or Protocol V on explosive remnants of war.