The Slovak Republic signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997 and ratified it on 25 February 1999, becoming a State Party on 1 August 1999. The former Czechoslovakia produced and exported antipersonnel mines. Slovakia introduced a moratorium on antipersonnel mine transfers in 1994. Slovakia believes that existing legislation is sufficient to enforce the antipersonnel mine prohibition domestically. It submitted its 14th Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report in April 2012.
Slovakia completed destruction of its stockpile of 187,060 antipersonnel mines on 31 August 2000. It initially announced it would retain 7,000 antipersonnel mines for training and development purposes but reduced this to 1,500 by July 2001. As of the end of 2011, only 1,272 mines were retained.
Slovakia served as co-rapporteur and then co-chair of the Standing Committee on Stockpile Destruction from 1999–2001.
Slovakia attended the Eleventh Meeting of States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty in November–December 2011 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia and the intersessional Standing Committee meetings in Geneva in May 2012. At the Eleventh Meeting of States Parties, Slovakia appealed for all states which had not yet joined the convention to do so as soon as possible. Slovakia also highlighted its contributions to international mine action efforts and stockpile destruction expertise.
Slovakia is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and its Amended Protocol II on landmines and Protocol V on explosive remnants of war.
There are no known mined areas in Slovakia, but unexploded ordnance from World War II is found occasionally.
 Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for period 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2011), Form D. Slovakia reported consuming “up to” 98 antipersonnel mines for training at the National Centre of Explosive Ordnance Disposal in Nováky and two antipersonnel mines for “the purpose of anti-mine measurements development” at the Military Technical and Testing Institute in Záhorie in 2011.
 Statement by Amb. Fedor Rosocha, Permanent Representative of Slovakia to the UN in Geneva, Eleventh Mine Ban Treaty Meeting of States Parties, Phnom Penh, 29 November 2011.