Bangladesh

Cluster Munition Ban Policy

Last updated: 08 July 2019

Summary: Non-signatory Bangladesh has not elaborated its view on cluster munitions or its position on joining the convention. Bangladesh has participated in the convention’s meetings, but not since 2014. It voted in favor of a key United Nations (UN) resolution on the convention in December 2018.

Bangladesh is not known to have used, produced, exported, or possessed any stockpiles of cluster munitions.

Policy

The People’s Republic of Bangladesh has not acceded to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

Bangladesh has never made a public statement elaborating its views on cluster munitions or position on joining the convention, but officials have discussed the country’s views with the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) on many occasions. [1]

Bangladesh participated in several meetings of the Oslo Process that created the convention, but did not attend the formal negotiations in Dublin in May 2008. [2] Bangladesh was represented at a regional conference on cluster munitions in Bali, Indonesia in November 2009.

Bangladesh has participated as an observer in the convention’s meetings, but not since 2014. [3] It however attended an Asia-Pacific workshop on the convention in Manila, Philippines on 18–19 June 2019. [4]

Bangladesh voted in favor of the annual UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution in December 2018 that urges states outside the Convention on Cluster Munitions to “join as soon as possible.” [5] Bangladesh has not explained why it has voted in favour of the annual UNGA resolution promoting the convention since it was first introduced in 2015.

Bangladesh is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is also party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Bangladesh is not known to have used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions. In 2013, a representative of Bangladesh’s armed forces told the CMC that Bangladesh does not possess cluster munitions. [6]



 [1] Cluster Munition Monitor interviews with Faiyaz Murshid Kazi, Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Bangladesh to the UN in New York, New York, 13 and 16 October 2017; CMC meeting with Toufiq Islam Shatil, Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Bangladesh to the UN in Geneva, Geneva, 6 September 2016; and meeting with Sarwar Mahmood, Counselor, Permanent Mission of Bangladesh to the UN in New York, New York, 19 October 2010. Notes by the CMC.

 [2] For more information on Bangladesh’s policy and practice regarding cluster munitions through early 2010, see ICBL, Cluster Munition Monitor 2010 (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, October 2010), p. 196.

 [3] Bangladesh attended the convention’s Meetings of States Parties in 2013 and 2014, as well as intersessional meetings of the convention in 2011 and 2014. It did not participate in the First Review Conference in 2015 or any meetings since then.

 [4]Asia-Pacific Workshop on CCM Universalization,” Convention on Cluster Munitions Quarterly Newsletter, April 2019.

 [5]Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 73/54, 5 December 2018.

 [6] CMC interview with Muhammad Golam Sarowar, Armed Forces Division, Armed Forces of Bangladesh, in Lusaka, 12 September 2013. Notes by the CMC.