Cluster Munition Ban Policy
Summary: Non-signatory Kiribati has not taken any steps to join the convention. Kiribati voted in favor of a key United Nations (UN) resolution on the convention in December 2018. Kiribati attended a meeting of the convention in 2011, where it stated that it has never used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.
The Republic of Kiribati has not acceded to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
Kiribati has shown interest in the convention, but has not taken any steps towards acceding to it. In February 2018, it attended the Pacific Conference on Conventional Weapons Treaties and adopted the conference’s “Auckland Declaration” acknowledging “the clear moral and humanitarian rationale for joining” the Convention on Cluster Munitions.” 
Kiribati did not participate in the Oslo Process.
Kiribati participated as an observer in the convention’s Second Meeting of States Parties in Beirut, Lebanon in September 2011 and made its first and to date only public statement on the convention, stating that the government was considering accession. 
In December 2018, Kiribati voted in favor of a UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution that urges states outside the Convention on Cluster Munitions to “join as soon as possible.”  It has voted in favor of the annual UNGA resolution promoting the convention since it was first introduced in 2015.
Kiribati has voted in favor of UNGA resolutions condemning use of cluster munitions in Syria, most recently in December 2018. 
Kiribati is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It has not joined the Convention on Conventional Weapons.
Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling
Kiribati informed States Parties in September 2011 that it “has never used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.” 
Kiribati is affected by unexploded ordnance, particularly in Betio and greater South Tarawa, but is not known to be contaminated by cluster munition remnants. 
 The declaration states that during the meeting “some states not yet party to the Convention undertook to positively consider membership of it.” “Auckland Declaration on Conventional Weapons Treaties,” Pacific Conference on Conventional Weapons Treaties, Auckland, New Zealand, 12–14 February 2018.
 Statement of Kiribati, Convention on Cluster Munitions Second Meeting of States Parties, Beirut, 16 September 2011. Kiribati also participated in the convention’s intersessional meetings in Geneva in 2013 but did not make a statement.
 “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 73/54, 5 December 2018.
 “Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution 73/182, 17 December 2018. Kiribati voted in favor of similar previous resolutions in 2013–2016.
 Statement of Kiribati, Convention on Cluster Munitions Second Meeting of States Parties, Beirut, 16 September 2011.
 The government has stated that Kiribati is not affected by antipersonnel landmines. Statement of Kiribati, Mine Ban Treaty Second Review Conference, Cartagena, 4 December 2009.
Mine Ban Policy
The Republic of Kiribati acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty on 7 September 2000, becoming a State Party on 1 March 2001. Kiribati believes that existing legislation is sufficient to enforce the antipersonnel mine prohibition domestically.
Kiribati has not attended any recent meetings of the treaty. It did not attend the Third Review Conference in Maputo in June 2014. Kiribati submitted its second Article 7 transparency report on 4 June 2004 but has not submitted subsequent annual reports.
Kiribati is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons, nor is it party to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
Kiribati has never used, produced, imported, exported, or stockpiled antipersonnel mines, including for training purposes.
Kiribati has residual unexploded ordnance contamination from World War II.