The last explosive remnants of war (ERW) casualties in the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste were reported in 2011, when three casualties were identified: two civilian men were killed and one critically injured while handling unexploded ordnance they had uncovered. Prior to this, ERW incidents were recorded in 2000 and 2003. The Monitor has identified nine ERW casualties in Timor-Leste between 1999 and 2011.
 “Timor-Leste and UN step up efforts to dispose of unexploded ordnance,” UN News Centre, 18 October 2011.
 See, ICBL, Landmine Monitor Report 2003: Toward a Mine-Free World (New York: Human Rights Watch, August 2003); and ICBL, Landmine Monitor Report 2000: Toward a Mine-Free World (New York: Human Rights Watch, August 2000).