Papua New Guinea

Cluster Munition Ban Policy

Last updated: 01 October 2020

Ten-Year Review: Non-signatory Papua New Guinea adopted the convention in 2008, but has not taken any steps to accede to it and has never participated in a meeting of the convention. It voted in favor of a key United Nations (UN) resolution promoting the convention in 2018, but was absent from the vote in 2019.

Papua New Guinea is not known to have used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.


Papua New Guinea (PNG) has not acceded to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

PNG has not commented on whether it intends to join the convention, but there are indications that it is revisiting the matter. In February 2018, PNG attended a regional conference held in Auckland, New Zealand, which issued a declaration affirming “the clear moral and humanitarian rationale for joining” the Convention on Cluster Munitions.[1] Since then, the government has held two internal meetings to discuss the convention, both in the second half of 2019.[2]

During the Oslo Process, PNG participated in the Wellington Conference on Cluster Munitions in February 2008 and adopted the Convention on Cluster Munitions in Dublin on 30 May 2008. A government representative was present at the Oslo Signing Conference in December 2008, but indicated that he lacked the correct paperwork to sign the convention.[3]

PNG has never participated in a meeting of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, even as an observer. However, it has attended regional workshops on the convention, such as one hosted by the Philippines in Manila on 18–19 June 2019.[4]

In 2015–2018, PNG voted in favor of an annual UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution urging states outside the Convention on Cluster Munitions to “join as soon as possible.”[5] However, it was absent from the 2019 vote on the annual UNGA resolution promoting the convention.

PNG has voted in favor of UNGA resolutions expressing outrage at the use of cluster munitions in Syria, most recently in December 2019.[6]

PNG is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

PNG is not known to have ever used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.

[1] According to the declaration, during the meeting “some states not yet party to the Convention undertook to positively consider membership of it.”“Auckland Declaration on Conventional Weapons Treaties,” Pacific Conference on Conventional Weapons Treaties, Auckland, New Zealand, 12–14 February 2018.

[2] Additionally, an internal PNG government workshop on the convention planned for March 2020 was delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Email from Peter Mirino, Director, Border and Security Division, PNG Customs Services, 15 May 2020.

[3] Interview with Yu Minibi, Foreign Service Officer, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, in Oslo, Norway, 3 December 2008.

[4]Asia-Pacific Workshop on CCM Universalization,” Convention on Cluster Munitions Quarterly Newsletter, April 2019.

[5]Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UN General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 73/54, 5 December 2018.

[6]Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution 74/169, 18 December 2019. PNG voted in favor of similar resolutions in 2013–2018.