Summary: State Party Zambia was among the first 30 ratifications to trigger the convention’s entry into force on 1 August 2010. Since 2013, it has reported that draft implementing legislation would soon be introduced for parliamentary approval. Zambia was a lead sponsor on a UN resolution on the convention in December 2015. It has participated in all of the convention’s meetings and hosted the Fourth Meeting of States Parties in Lusaka in September 2013, serving as the convention’s president until September 2014. Zambia has served as the convention’s co-coordinator on universalization since September 2015 and has condemned new use of cluster munitions. It has elaborated its views on several important matters relating to the interpretation and implementation of the convention.
In its initial transparency report for the convention provided in 2011, Zambia confirmed it has never used, produced, or transferred cluster munitions and does not stockpile cluster munitions, including for training or research.
The Republic of Zambia signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 3 December 2008 and ratified on 12 August 2009. It was among the first 30 ratifications that triggered the convention’s entry into force on 1 August 2010.
Zambia has expressed its intent to enact specific implementation legislation for the conventionand since 2013 has reported that draft implementing legislation will soon be submitted for parliamentary consideration.
Zambia submitted its initial Article 7 transparency report for the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 21 January 2011 and provided annual updated reports since then that indicate no change, most recently on 31 May 2015.
Zambia played an influential leadership role during the Oslo Process that created the Convention on Cluster Munitions. It hosted a regional conference in Livingstone in March–April 2008 that helped generate broad and united support from many African states for a comprehensive convention.
Zambia plays an active leadership role in the Convention on Cluster Munitions. It hosted the convention’s Fourth Meeting of States Parties in Lusaka on 9–13 September 2013 and served as president of the convention until September 2014. It also served as co-coordinator on the general status and operation of the convention in 2012–2013. Zambia has served as the convention’s co-coordinator on universalization since September 2015.
Zambia participated in and served as a vice-president of the convention’s First Review Conference in Dubrovnik, Croatia in September 2015. In an address to the high-level segment of the meeting, Zambia’s deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs noted how the “convention was born out of focused and constructive efforts of multiple actors working in partnership towards a shared objective which is aimed at ending all forms of suffering caused by cluster munitions.” The representative also welcomed the appointment of Sheila Mweemba of Zambia as director of the convention’s newly established Implementation Support Unit.
Zambia has participated in every Meeting of States Parties of the convention as well as intersessional meetings in Geneva in 2011–2015. It has attended regional meetings on cluster munitions and hosted a regional seminar on the convention for Southern African Development Community (SADC) states in Lusaka in June 2015.
Zambia was a lead sponsor on and voted in favor of a UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution on the convention, which urges all states not party to the convention to join “as soon as possible.” A total of 140 countries voted to adopt the non-binding resolution on 7 December 2015, including many non-signatories.
Zambia has consistently condemned the use of cluster munitions. At the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) in November 2015, Zambia said “we condemn the continued use of cluster munitions.” At the First Review Conference in September 2015, Zambia condemned new use of cluster munitions in South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, and Ukraine. In June 2015, Zambia affirmed the importance of strongly condemning the use of cluster munitions “wherever they have been used.” Zambia has also voted in favor of UNGA resolutions condemning the use of cluster munitions in Syria, most recently in December 2015.
Zambia has elaborated its views on several important matters related to the interpretation and implementation of the convention. In May 2008, during the convention’s negotiations, Zambia expressed concern about the proposed article on “interoperability” (joint military operations with states not party) and stated that it understood that the provisions for interoperability in Article 21 did not provide a loophole for States Parties to allow the transit or indefinite stockpiling of cluster munitions on their territories.
In April 2009, the Minister of Foreign Affairs stated that Zambia does not believe that States Parties to the convention should “in any way assist the use [or] transfer of cluster bombs within or without their territories in the name of joint operations.” In 2009, the director of the Zambia Mine Action Centre (ZMAC) stated that Zambia believed that the prohibition on assistance prohibits investment in the production of cluster munitions.
Zambia is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is also a party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.
Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling
Zambia has reported that it has never produced cluster munitions and does not stockpile the weapon, including for training or research. Zambia has also stated that it has not transferred cluster munitions.
 Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, Form A, 31 May 2015; Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, Form A, 30 April 2014; statement of Zambia, Lomé Regional Seminar on the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Lomé, Togo, 22 May 2013; and statement of Zambia, Convention on Cluster Munitions Intersessional Meetings, Geneva, 19 April 2013.
 Various time periods are covered by the reports provided on 21 January 2011 (covering the period from 1 August 2010 to 21 January 2011), 30 April 2012 (for the period from 22 January 2011 to 30 April 2012), 30 August 2013 (for the period from 30 April 2012 to 39 August 2013), 30 April 2014 (for the period from 30 April 2013 to 30 April 2014), and 31 May 2015 (for the period from 30 April 2014 to 30 April 2015). Cover sheets on the annual updated reports state that the information contained in the initial report remains unchanged.
 For details on Zambia’s cluster munition policy and practice through early 2009, see Human Rights Watch and Landmine Action, Banning Cluster Munitions: Government Policy and Practice (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, May 2009), pp. 181–183.
 A total of 106 countries participated in the meeting as well as representatives from international organizations and the CMC. The Fourth Meeting of States Parties concluded with the adoption of a “Lusaka Progress Report” detailing progress made on the convention’s implementation and universalization since 2010 and especially since the previous Meeting of States Parties in September 2012. Convention on Cluster Munitions Lusaka Progress Report, 13 September 2013.
 The seminar was organized together with the ICRC. See: ICRC, “Zambia: Implementing the ban on cluster munitions in southern Africa,” 17 June 2015.
 “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 70/54, 7 December 2015.
 Preparatory Meeting for the Convention on Cluster Munitions First Review Conference, Geneva, 24 June 2015. Notes by the Monitor.
 “Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution 70/234, 23 December 2015.
 Statement of Zambia, Committee of the Whole, Dublin Diplomatic Conference on Cluster Munitions, 30 May 2008. Notes by Landmine Action.
 Letter MFA/104/22/148 from Kabinga Jacus Pande, Minister of Foreign Affairs, 9 April 2009.
 Statement by Sheila Mweemba, ZMAC, National Committee on Anti-Personnel Landmines meeting, Lusaka, 11 September 2009. Notes by the Zambian Campaign to Ban Landmines (ZCBL).
 Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, Forms A to E (inclusive), 21 January 2011. In 2009, ZMAC’s director stated that Zambia had never produced and did not possess a stockpile of cluster munitions. Statement by Sheila Mweemba, ZMAC, National Committee on Anti-Personnel Landmines meeting, Lusaka, 11 September 2009. Notes by the ZCBL.