The Cook Islands signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997 and ratified it on 16 March 2006, becoming a State Party on 1 September 2006. The Cook Islands adopted legislation to implement the treaty domestically in 2007.
The Cook Islands has not attended any recent meetings of the treaty. It did not attend the Third Review Conference in Maputo in June 2014. The Cook Islands occasionally submits updated Article 7 transparency reports, most recently having submitted reports in 2007, 2011, and 2018–2019.
The Cook Islands is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons. The Cook Islands is party to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
The Cook Islands has never used, produced, exported, or imported antipersonnel mines, including for training purposes.
 The Anti-Personnel Mines Act of 2007 was enacted on 30 November 2007.