Cluster Munition Ban Policy
Non-signatory the Federated States of Micronesia has shown interest in the convention, but has not taken any steps to join. It has never attended a meeting of the convention, but voted in favor of a key United Nations (UN) resolution promoting the convention in December 2020.
The Federated States of Micronesia is not known to have ever used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) has not acceded to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
FSM has shown interest in the convention, but it has not taken any steps to accede to it. In February 2018, it attended a regional conference that issued a declaration affirming “the clear moral and humanitarian rationale for joining” the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
FSM did not participate in the Oslo Process that created the convention and has never attended a meeting of the convention.
In December 2020, FSM voted in favor of a UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution urging states outside the Convention on Cluster Munitions to “join as soon as possible.” It has voted in favor of the annual UNGA resolution promoting the convention since it was first introduced in 2015.
FSM has voted in favor of UNGA resolutions expressing outrage at the use of cluster munitions in Syria, most recently in December 2020.
Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling
FSM is not known to have ever used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.
 In the past, government officials have expressed various views on the matter of FSM acceding to the convention. In 2011, a senior Department of Foreign Affairs official told the Monitor of FSM’s “intention to be a party” to the convention, which he said would be submitted to Congress for approval along with a similar proposal to join the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty. Letter from Lorin S. Robert, Secretary, Department of Foreign Affairs of FSM to Mark Hiznay, Human Rights Watch, 29 April 2011. In 2009, a representative of FSM cited the country’s capacity constraints in meeting its treaty obligations and added that FSM’s Compact of Free Association with the United States (US) requires that it clears any strategic defense decisions with the US before joining any international treaties. ICBL-CMC meeting with Martin Zvachula, Second Secretary, Permanent Mission of FSM to the UN in New York, 19 October 2009. Notes by the ICBL-CMC.
 The declaration states that during the meeting “some states not yet party to the Convention undertook to positively consider membership of it.” “Auckland Declaration on Conventional Weapons Treaties,” Pacific Conference on Conventional Weapons Treaties, Auckland, New Zealand, 12–14 February 2018.
 “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions”, UNGA Resolution 75/62, 7 December 2020.
 “Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution 75/193, 16 December 2020. FSM voted in favor of similar resolutions in 2013–2019.
Mine Ban Policy
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) has not yet acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty. The FSM has stated that it has never produced or stockpiled antipersonnel mines.
The FSM attended the Mine Ban Treaty’s Eleventh Meeting of States Parties in November–December 2011 in Phnom Penh as an observer, but did not make any statements. It has not attended any Mine Ban Treaty meetings since.
FSM voted in favor of UN General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 73/61 on universalization of the Mine Ban Treaty in December 2018, for the thirteenth consecutive year.
In November 2011, a draft resolution recommending accession to the Mine Ban Treaty was presented to the 17th Congress of the FSM, but failed to pass. A previous draft resolution approving accession was submitted and failed in 2009.
Representatives of the mission of the Marshall Islands based in Fiji met with Special Envoy on Universalization Prince Mired in August 2011, during which they were invited “to participate in the work of this Convention even while their accession deliberations continue.”
In October 2009, an FSM representative said the Mine Ban Treaty is not a legislative priority as the country is not impacted by, nor has it ever used, mines.
A United States (US) Department of State cable made public by Wikileaks in August 2011 provides US views on FSM’s accession to the Mine Ban Treaty. According to the September 2009 cable from Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, US officials met representatives from the Marshall Islands, the FSM, and Palau on 2 December 1997, one day before the Mine Ban Treaty Signing Conference was held, “at the latter three’s request to discuss their potential signature/ratification of the Ottawa Convention banning anti-personnel landmines.” During the meeting, the US said that “adherence to the Convention is up to each state based on its assessment of its own national interest,” but emphasized that “the U.S. would not adhere to the Ottawa Convention and that adherence by the other three states could conflict with defense provisions of the respective bilateral Compacts of Free Association.” In an interview with the Monitor in October 2010, a government representative stated that one of the primary reasons why the FSM has not joined the Mine Ban Treaty is that defense arrangements with the US require the FSM to consult with the US on all military matters.
Two days after the 1997 meeting, on 4 December 1997, the Marshall Islands signed the Mine Ban Treaty, while Palau acceded a decade later on 18 November 2007. The cable notes that the US “raised these same concerns” with Palau “in advance” of its accession to the Mine Ban Treaty and said Palau “determined that the Ottawa Convention did not conflict with the Compact of Free Association.”
The FSM is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons, nor is it party to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
 Letter from M.J. Mace, Assistant Attorney General, FSM, 11 December 1998.
 “Implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction,” UNGA Resolution 73/61, 5 December 2018.
 Council Resolution No. 17-70, 17th Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia, 9 November 2011, submitted by Representative Florencio S. Harper; and Landmine Monitor meeting with FSM delegation, in Phnom Penh, 30 November 2011.
 “Draft Resolution Ratifying the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction,” CR No. 16-10, introduced by Joe N. Suka, 28 May 2009.
 Statement by Prince Mired Raad Al Hussein of Jordan, Special Envoy on Universalization, Mine Ban Treaty Eleventh Meeting of States Parties, Phnom Penh, 1 December 2011.
 ICBL meeting with Martin Zvachula, Second Secretary, Permanent Mission of the FSM to the UN in New York, 19 October 2009. See, ICBL, “Report on CMC/ICBL Lobby Meetings: UNGA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security, New York, 12–23 October 2009,” undated.
 “Concerns on Marshall Islands Ratification of the Ottawa Convention,” US Department of State cable 09STATE91952 dated 3 September 2009, released by Wikileaks on 26 August 2011.
 Interview with Martin Zvachula, Permanent Mission of the FSM to the UN in New York, 19 October 2010.
Contamination and Impact
In August 2008, the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) noted that while there are no known mined areas in the country, four FSM states are affected by explosive remnants left over from World War II. UXO, especially in Chuuk Lagoon, poses an environmental hazard and a danger to fishermen.
 Government of the FSM, “FSM Participates in Landmine Treaty Workshop,” Press release, 22 August 2008, Palikir, Pohnpei, www.fsmgov.org.
 ICBL meeting with Martin Zvachula, Second Secretary, Permanent Mission of the FSM to the UN, New York, 19 October 2009. See ICBL, “Report on CMC/ICBL Lobby Meetings: UNGA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security, New York, 12–23 October 2009.”