Mine Ban Policy

Last updated: 18 December 2019


The Republic of Uzbekistan has not acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty. Uzbekistan has stated that landmines are necessary for national security to prevent the flow of narcotics, arms, and insurgent groups across its borders. Uzbekistan has not attend any international meetings on the Mine Ban Treaty. It has abstained or not participated in the vote on all past pro-ban UN General Assembly resolutions, including Resolution 73/61 on 5 December 2018.[1]

Uzbekistan is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) and its original Protocol II on landmines, but has not joined CCW Amended Protocol II or CCW Protocol V on explosive remnants of war. Uzbekistan is also not party to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Uzbekistan has stated that it does not produce antipersonnel mines.[2] It is not known to have exported the weapon. It inherited a stockpile of antipersonnel mines from the Soviet Union. The size, composition, and condition of the stockpile are not known. One Ministry of Defense official indicated the stock consisted of OZM-72, PОМZ, and PMN antipersonnel mines, while another said it contains all types of mines that were made in the Soviet Union. The mines are held by both the Ministry of Defense and the Committee on State Border Protection.[3]

Uzbekistan has used antipersonnel mines in the past, including on its borders with Afghanistan in 1998, Kyrgyzstan in 1999, and Tajikistan in 2000.

[1] “Implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction,” UNGA Resolution 73/61, 5 December 2018.

[2] Letter to the Monitor from Amb. Shavkat Khamrakulov, Embassy of Uzbekistan to the United States, 31 July 2001. Other officials have also made this claim.

[3] Interviews with a Ministry of Defense engineering officer, May 2004; and with a Ministry of Defense official, February 2003.