Cluster Munition Ban Policy
Ten-Year Review: State Party Belize acceded to the convention in September 2014. It has expressed interest in implementing legislation to enforce the convention’s provisions, but has not undertaken any measures yet. Belize participated in one meeting of the convention, in 2014. It has voted in favor of an annual United Nations (UN) resolution promoting the convention since 2015.
In November 2017, Belize provided an initial transparency report for the convention that confirms it has never used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.
Belize acceded to the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 2 September 2014 and became a State Party on 1 March 2015.
Belize reported that national implementation measures for the convention were “pending” in 2017, but no implementing legislation has been enacted since then.
Belize submitted its initial Article 7 transparency report for the convention in November 2017. It provided an updated report indicating no changes in 2018, but has not provided an updated report since then.
Belize participated in the Oslo Process that created the Convention on Cluster Munitions and sought a strong treaty text. At the conclusion of the Dublin negotiations, Belize joined in the consensus adoption of the convention, which it said would be forwarded to the capital with the “strongest recommendation for its adoption and endorsement.”
Despite this, Belize did not attend the convention’s Signing Conference in Oslo in December 2008 or any other meetings on cluster munitions until 2013, when it participated in a regional workshop in Santiago, Chile.
Belize’s first and, to date, only participation in a meeting of the convention was in September 2014, when it attended the Fifth Meeting of States Parties in San Jose, Costa Rica and announced its plan to accede.
In December 2019, Belize voted in favor of a UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution that urges states outside the Convention on Cluster Munitions to “join as soon as possible.” It has voted in favor of the annual UNGA resolution promoting the convention since it was first introduced in 2015.
Belize has also voted in favor of UNGA resolutions expressing outrage at the use of cluster munitions in Syria, most recently in December 2019.
Belize is party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.
Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling
Belize reports that it has never produced cluster munitions and does not possess any stocks, including for research and training purposes.
Before joining the convention, Belize said in 2010 and 2014 that is had never used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.
 Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, 8 November 2017. Previously, in September 2014, Belize said it was preparing legislation to implement the convention’s provisions. See Statement of Belize, Convention on Cluster Munitions Fifth Meeting of States Parties, San Jose, 2 September 2014.
 The report was originally due by 28 August 2015 and covers the period from 1 March 2015 to 31 October 2017. It consists of a completed cover sheet, stating “not applicable” in every form except Form A (national implementation measures). See, Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, 8 November 2017.
 The updated report submitted in 2018 covered activities in calendar year 2017.
 For more information, see Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC), Cluster Munition Monitor 2010 (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, October 2010), p. 198.
 Summary Record of the Committee of the Whole, Sixteenth Session: 28 May 2008, Dublin Diplomatic Conference, CCM/CW/SR/16, 18 June 2008.
 Statement of Belize, Convention on Cluster Munitions Fifth Meeting of States Parties, San Jose, 2 September 2014.
 “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 74/62, 12 December 2019.
 “Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution 74/169, 18 December 2019. Belize voted in favor of similar resolutions in 2013–2018.
 Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, Forms B and C, 8 November 2017.
 Letter FA/UN/32/10 (2) from Nyasha Laing, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, 25 March 2010; and Statement of Belize, Convention on Cluster Munitions Fifth Meeting of States Parties, San Jose, 2 September 2014.
Mine Ban Policy
Belize signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 27 February 1998 and ratified it on 23 April 1998, becoming a State Party on 1 March 1999. Legislation to enforce the antipersonnel mine prohibition domestically was enacted on 10 January 2004.
Belize has not attended any recent meetings of the treaty. It did not attend the Third Review Conference in Maputo in June 2014. Belize submitted its third Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report on 24 March 2006 but has not submitted subsequent annual reports.
On 5 December 2018, Belize voted in favor of UN General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 73/61 promoting universalization and implementation of the convention, as it has done in previous years.
Belize is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons. It is party to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
Production, import, transfer, and stockpiling
Belize has never used, produced, imported, exported, or stockpiled antipersonnel mines, including for training purposes.
 “Anti-Personnel Mines Act 2003,” provided to Landmine Monitor (Mines Action Canada) by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Defence and National Emergency Management of Belize, Ref. FA/UN/28/04, 17 June 2004. It includes fines and imprisonment for violations of the Act, such as liability for $50,000 and imprisonment for seven years in case of persons possessing antipersonnel mines.
 “Implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction,” UNGA Resolution 73/61, 5 December 2018.