How many people were injured or killed by mines, cluster munitions, and other explosive remnants of war in the reporting period compared to previous years?

High numbers of casualties were recorded in 2017, following the sharp rise in 2015, with a total of at least 7,239 people killed or injured by antipersonnel and antivehicle landmines, including improvised landmines, as well as unexploded cluster submunitions, and other explosive remnants of war (ERW). Of the total of 7,239 mine/ERW casualties the Monitor recorded for 2017, at least 2,793 people were killed and another 4,431 people were injured; for 15 casualties it was not known if the person survived or was killed.

While remaining very high, the total for 2017 marks a decrease on the casualties recorded for 2016. The casualty database for Landmine Monitor 2018 includes an updated total of 9,437 casualties for 2016 (2,472 killed, 6,937 injured, and 28 unknown). At the time of the publication of Landmine Monitor Report 2017, 8,605 casualties had been recorded for 2016 (2,089 killed, 6,491 injured, and 25 unknown).

For a second year the highest number of annual casualties caused by improvised mines and the most annual disaggregated number of child casualties were recorded.


The Monitor recorded a total of 149 cluster munition casualties during calendar year 2018. These casualties occurred in eight countries and one other area. This was the lowest annual casualty count since 2012, when the Monitor started recording cluster munition casualties from new use in Syria. The total of 149 casualties recorded in 2018 represents a continuing decrease from 289 casualties in 2017 and moreover, marked a significant drop from the 971 cluster munition casualties recorded in 2016.

(Last updated based on Landmine Monitor 2018 and Cluster Munition Monitor 2019.)