How many people are killed or injured by mines or cluster munitions?


2017 was the third year in a row with exceptionally high numbers of recorded casualties due to landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW), including improvised landmines, as well as unexploded cluster submunitions, and other explosive remnants of war (ERW)—henceforth mines/ERW. 

Casualties in 2017 were identified in 49 countries, of which 35 are States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty, and in four other areas. The vast majority of casualties, 87%, were civilians and 47% were children. Since global tracking began in 1999 the Monitor has recorded more than 122,000 mine/ERW casualties. 

Of the total of 7239 mine/ERW casualties the Monitor recorded for 2017, at least 2,793 people were killed and another 4,431 people were injured; for 15 casualties, it was not known if the person survived or was killed. This marked another year of continued increase, which in 2016 was largely a result of more mine/ERW casualties recorded in countries experiencing armed conflict. The casualty total in 2016 is the second highest of all years in Monitor data except for 1999—the first year of Monitor recording. It also marked the highest number of casualties caused by improvised mines on record for the Monitor.

Cluster Munitions

In total, the Monitor recorded 289 new cluster munition casualties in 2017, a sharp decrease compared to an annual total of 971 in 2016.

In 2017, the highest number of casualties were recorded in Syria (187) and Yemen (54). In each country, casualties occurred both due to cluster munition remnants and during cluster munition attacks. However, fewer casualties during attacks were recorded, thereby accounting for the overall annual decrease (196 in 2017, from 857 in 2016). In 2017, casualties from cluster munition remnants were recorded in eight countries and two other areas: Cambodia, Iraq, Lao PDR, Lebanon, Serbia, Syria, Vietnam, and Yemen, as well as Nagorno-Karabakh and Western Sahara.

(Last updated based on Landmine Monitor 2018 and Cluster Munition Monitor 2018)