The Convention on Cluster Munitions was adopted by 107 countries on 30 May 2008 in Dublin, Ireland. The convention was opened for signature on 3 December 2008, and as of 28 March 2011 had 108 signatories, and had been ratified by 55 states. The convention entered into force on 1 August 2010, six months after the 30th state submitted its instrument of ratification.
The Convention on Cluster Munitions prohibits all use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions. It also provides countries with deadlines for clearance of affected areas and the destruction of stockpiled cluster munitions. It includes articles concerning assistance to victims of cluster munitions incidents.
Under the Convention on Cluster Munitions States Parties will be obligated to:
- destroy their stockpile of cluster munitions within eight years of entry into force (Article 3);
- undertake to clear and destroy cluster munition remnants located in cluster munition contaminated areas under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible, but not later than 10 years after becoming a State Party (Article 4);
- provide age- and gender-sensitive assistance to cluster munition victims, including medical care, rehabilitation and psychological support, as well as provide for their social and economic inclusion (Article 5); and
- submit annual reports on the Convention on Cluster Munitions implementation activities Secretary-General of the United Nations (Article 7).
Click here for the full text of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.