Victim Assistance

Last updated: 21 October 2018

Victim assistance action points

  • Employment, work training, livelihood incentives, and other economic opportunities continued to be areas with the greatest need for improvement for survivors.
  • Representation of local survivors’ networks through survivor leaders should be maintained and developed through all levels of coordination.
  • Enhance the system for ordering prosthetic components and introduce functional waitlists in rehabilitation centers.

Victim assistance planning and coordination

Government focal points

The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEP)

Other focal points

Thailand Mine Action Center (TMAC) and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Coordination activities

The National Sub-Committee on Victim Assistance under the National Committee for Humanitarian Mine Action, includes TMAC, relevant government ministries and agencies: Foreign Affairs, Public Health, Social Development and Human Security, DEP, Interior, and Labor, as well as NGOs. TMAC periodically called together members of the National Sub-Committee on Victim Assistance


The Master Plan for Mine Victim Assistance 2012–2016 (expired)

Disability sector integration

Thailand connected its work on victim assistance both in line with planning and implementation of its obligations under the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and also its universal health coverage strategy. Victim assistance is integrated into the broader legal framework, national plans, and programs for persons with disabilities, and is implemented under the umbrella of universal health coverage[1]

Disability sector meetings

The National Commission on Promotion and Development of the Quality of Lives of Persons with Disabilities is responsible for the establishment of provincial service centers for persons with disabilities; amendments to regulations under the Person with Disabilities Empowerment Act; procedures for acquiring accessible public buses; approval of projects for income-generating activities; house modifications; and making government venues accessible. The commission met twice in 2017


Thailand provided updates on victim assistance activities through statements at the Mine Ban Treaty intersessional meetings in June 2017 and at the Sixteenth Meeting of States Parties in December 2018


International commitments and obligations

Thailand is responsible for significant numbers of landmine and explosive remnants of war (ERW) survivors. Thailand has made a commitment to victim assistance through the Mine Ban Treaty

Mine Ban Treaty


Convention on Cluster Munitions





Laws and policies

The Kingdom of Thailand stated that other legislative measures that guarantee the rights of persons with disabilities include: 1) the National Health Security Act; 2) the Emergency Medical Service Act; and 3) The Persons with Disabilities Education Act. Thailand also revised the Persons with Disabilities’ Quality of Life Promotion Act, which provides a comprehensive legal and institutional framework regarding rights and entitlements for persons with disabilities. The revised act decentralized coordination of essential services to the local administrative authorities, which are closer to communities. Thailand reported that authorities has started establishing more service centers for persons with disabilities in mine-affected areas so as to ensure that mine victims in rural areas have equal access to government services as others living in towns and cities. We also encourage local communities’ involvement in our victim assistance efforts to ensure that services provided to mine victims will be most accessible and sustainable.[2]

Major Developments in 2017–2018

Needs assessment

No specific needs assessment was reported for 2017. However General Service Centers for Persons with Disabilities, operated by any governmental and non‐governmental agencies related to the empowerment of persons with disabilities, including local administration organizations, facilitate the access of persons with disabilities, including mine survivors.

Medical care and rehabilitation

The national community-based rehabilitation (CBR) program remained active in all provinces of Thailand.[3]

The Sirindhorn School of Prosthetics and Orthotics, part of the Mahidol University, continued to focus on research, development, and innovation of devices, applying more advanced technology and testing. It was reported that despite a graduate-level training program for prosthetics and orthotics technicians, the numbers of qualified clinical technicians were still inadequate in 2018.[4]

Disability rights organization reported that there was inequality in access to health services among three health insurance systems: the Social Security Fund, the National Health Security Fund, and the Government Officer Treatment Welfare Fund. There are clear differences among these three funds: the National Health Security Fund covers equipment for various disabilities, while the Social Security Fund covers the least equipment for the disabilities.Every person with disability who could engage in employment is obliged to register in the social security system, which requires co-payment for healthcare services in registered hospitals.[5]

Persons with disabilities in the Social Security System receive benefits only when registered in the category of “disabled person” not able to return to employment. These persons with disabilities have to advance the payment before being reimbursed by the Social Security Office, thus creating a financial burden in case of costly equipment. Those in the National Health Security Fund receive the equipment without any advance of payment and they can freely choose to attend any hospital.[6]

Socio-economic and psychosocial inclusion 

The Fund for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities provides loans for self‐employment for persons with disabilities and their caregivers, this offers opportunities for economic-inclusion activities and livelihoods for survivors.To be eligible to seek support from the fund,persons with disabilities must be registered with disabilityidentitycards. Groups including at least 10 individual persons with disabilities or disability-related organizationscan also apply.[7] The fund is managed by a sub-committee of its management structure, with the DEP as the secretariat, which includes at least seven civil society organization representatives. However, DPOs pointed out that the budget for projects and activities under the fund are mostly spent by government agencies and local administration, compared to that received by civil society organizations. The later received just some 30% of the total funding.[8]

Victim assistance providers and activities

Name of organization

Type of activity


Ministry of Public Health (MoPH)

Operated healthcare facilities in mine-affected areas and a network of emergency response teams

National Health Security Office (NHSO)

Responsible for funding the provision of prosthetic and other mobility devices and managing individual rehabilitation programs for persons with disabilities

Ministry of Development and Human Security (MSDHS)

Community-based program providing social support for persons with disabilities

Sirindhorn National Medical Rehabilitation Center

Provided free prostheses, assistive devices, wheelchairs, and other aids for persons with disabilities through hospitals

Sirindhorn School of Prosthetics and Orthotics

International bachelor of prosthetic and orthotics program


Name of organization

Type of activity

Catholic Office for Emergency Relief and Refugees(COERR)

Supplied basic essentials such as food to persons with disabilities

Prostheses Foundation

Prostheses and assistive devices provided free-of-charge


Jesuit Relief Services (JRS)

Assistance to mine/ERW survivors and their children as part of its broader programs, including visits to mine survivors, and emergency support such as dry food and blankets


[1] Statement of Thailand, Mine Ban Treaty Sixteenth Meeting of States Parties,Geneva,19 December 2017; and statement of Thailand, Mine Ban Treaty Fifteenth Meeting of States Parties,Santiago, Chile, December 2016.

[2] Statement of Thailand, Mine Ban Treaty Intersessional Meetings, 19 May 2016.

[3] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2017), Form J.

[4] “New limbs that save lives,” The Nation, 26 June 2018.

[5] Disabilities Thailand and Network of Disability Rights Advocates, “Thailand CRPD Alternative Report for the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities,” March 2016.

[6] Ibid.

[7] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2017), Form J.

[8] Disabilities Thailand and Network of Disability Rights Advocates, “Thailand CRPD Alternative Report for the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities,” March 2016.