Last updated: 21 October 2018



All known casualties (between 1945 and 2017)

4,065 mine/explosive remnants of war (ERW) casualties: 2,503 killed and 1,562 injured

Casualties in 2017[1]

Annual total


Decrease from
785 in 2016

Survival outcome

120 killed; 309 injured

Device type causing casualties

57 antipersonnel mine; 90 antivehicle mine; 113 improvised mine; 4 unspecified mine; 109 ERW; 56 unknown mine/ERW type

Civilian status

231 civilian; 189 military; 9 unknown


Age and gender

361 adults:
35 women; 325 men; 1 unknown

38 children:
37 boys; 1 girl

30 unknown


Casualties in 2017—details

The 425 casualties identified in 2017 was a significant decrease on the 2016 casualty total of 785, and the 706 casualties identified in 2015. The Monitor recorded 2,078 mine casualties (725 killed and 1,353 injured) from 2014 through 2017.

A total of 113 of the casualties in 2017 were caused by improvised mines (victim-activated improvised explosive devices, IEDs). The improvised mines were commonly a tripwire-initiated fragmentation hand grenade.[2]

There is no centralized database for the collection of casualty data.[3] The vast majority of incidents in government-held territory are thought to be recorded either through open source monitoring and survey activity, it records far fewer incidents in non-government controlled territory, where it is likely that incidents are underreported. No international NGOs were working in non-government controlled areas in 2017.[4]

The Monitor has recorded at least 4,065 (2,503 killed; 1,562 injured) in Ukraine to the end of 2016.[5] The United Nations (UN) reported that more than 1,500 civilians were killed in Ukraine between 1945 and 1995 in mine/ERW incidents. Another 130 people were killed during clearance operations in the same period.[6] The Ministry of Emergency Situations (MES) reported that between 1996 and 2008 there were 229 ERW casualties (100 killed; 129 injured), including 59 children, due to “handling of devices.”[7]

Cluster munition casualties[8]

The Monitor has recorded 76 cluster munition casualties in Ukraine; 72 casualties during attacks and four due to the detonation of unexploded submunitions.[9]

[1] Unless otherwise indicated, casualty data for 2017 is based on: emails from Yuri Shahramanyan, Programme Manager, HALO Trust Ukraine, 14 February 2018; and from Søren Adser Sørensen, Programme and Operations Coordinator, Danish Demining Group (DDG), 21 February 2018; and Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD)-Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) antivehicle mine database provided by email from Ursign Hofmann, Policy Advisor, GICHD, 22 February 2018.

[2] Email from Yuri Shahramanyan, HALO Trust Ukraine, 14 February 2018.

[3] Email from Søren Adser Sørensen, DDG, 21 February 2018.

[4] Email from Yuri Shahramanyan, HALO Trust Ukraine, 14 February 2018.

[5] The cumulative casualties are calculated using UN data for 1945–1995 (1,500 civilians; 130 deminers killed), Ministry of Emergency Situations (MES) data for 1996–2008 (100 killed; 129 injured), and Convention on Convention Weapons (CCW) Protocol V Article 10 report data for 2009–2011 (42 killed; 64 injured). See also, previous Ukraine country profiles for 2010 and 2011 available on the Monitor website.

[6] ICBL, Landmine Monitor Report 1999: Toward a Mine-Free World (New York: Human Rights Watch, April 1999).

[7] Monitor analysis of MES, “Daily Reports,” for calendar year 2008.

[8] Casualties occurring during cluster munition attacks and strikes are recorded separately from the Monitor mine/ERW casualty total.

[9] See Human Rights Watch (HRW), “Ukraine: Widespread Use of Cluster Munitions,” 20 October 2014; Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor, “Cluster Munition Ban Policy Profile: Ukraine,” November 2015; and casualty data provided by emails from Rune Bech Persson, DDG, 15 August 2017; and from Nick Smart, HALO Trust, 26 June 2017.