Victim Assistance

Last updated: 21 October 2018

Victim assistance action points

  • Improve the quality of physical rehabilitation services through funding, training, restructuring, and decentralization.
  • Expand legislation and coordination for the rights of persons with disabilities.

Victim assistance planning and coordination

Government focal points

Tajikistan National Mine Action Center(TNMAC)

Other focal points

Disability Support Unit (DSU)

Coordination activities

The Tajik National Center for Mine Action, with the support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), organized coordination meetings of the technical working group (TWG) on assistance to persons with disabilities, including those affected by mines/explosive remnants of war (ERW). Four regional victim assistance meetings were held in the relevant regions in 2017.[1] From the beginning of 2018 four TWG meetings on victim assistance and disability support were conducted for staff of departments of social protection of population, representatives of Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan in Dushanbe and regional centers. Tajikistan provided equal and effective participation of landmine survivors, persons with disabilities, and their organizations at the meeting[2]


The National Mine Action Strategy 2016–2020, includes a victim assistance component developed through consultative process agreed with all relevant ministries, TNMAC, and landmine survivors.[3]
The new National Development Strategy (2016–2030) and its action plan reflect disability rights

Disability sector integration

The National Program on Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities 2017–2020 has been described as “comprehensive, covering both physical rehabilitation services and social inclusion and protection”[4]

Survivor inclusion and participation

Survivors’ organizations and networks and disabled people’s organizations (DPOs) were included in national and local government coordinating groups


Tajikistan provided updated information on victim assistance in reporting at the Mine Ban Treaty Sixteenth Meeting of States Parties in Vienna in December 2017, and in Form J of its Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report for 2017[5]


International commitments and obligations

Tajikistan is responsible for a significant number of survivors of landmines, cluster munitions, and ERW. TNMAC registered: 492 injured persons among 868 casualties for the period 1992 to 2017, some 30% of mine casualties overall were children

Mine Ban Treaty


Convention on Cluster Munitions


Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)

Signed on 22 March 2018


Laws and policies

The multi-sectoral National Program on Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities (2017–2020), is in line with the CRPD.[6] The program, the first such document on disability issues for the Republic of Tajikistan, addresses the rights of persons with disabilities in the sphere of health, rehabilitation, education, livelihood, social protection, culture, access, and justice.

The December 2010 Law on Social Protection of Persons with Disabilities, which includes standards similar to those of the CRPD,[7] guarantees the physical accessibility of infrastructure for social life and to public transportation. Any planning, construction, or reconstruction that does not follow the law is prohibited and penalties can be applied.[8] From 2014 through 2017, 126 architects were trained in accessible design, including several with the support of the UNDP.[9]

Through policy dialogue including forums, discussion on Tajikistan joining the CRPD was promoted with the active participation of DPOs, including regional landmine survivors’ networks. These discussions resulted in a package of documents on Tajikistan’s accession to the CRPD being circulated among relevant ministries and agencies before being sent for government consideration at the end of 2017.[10]

The UNDP, in cooperation with TNMAC, continued introducing physical accessibility solutions in Tajikistan, based on international and Tajik accessibility standards and raising awareness on disability and accessibility. The fifth physical accessibility construction project of the National Research institute for Persons with Disabilities was completed in 2017.[11]

TNMAC has as its mandate the victim assistance pillar and is the governmental body with legal responsibilities for the coordination and implementation of victim assistance activities. A Law on Humanitarian Mine Action (#1338) was signed by the president of Tajikistan on 23 July 2016. This law specifically refers to victim assistance in Article 12.[12]

Major Developments in 2017–2018

Needs assessment

TNMAC continued gathering detailed information on mine/ERW casualties and service provision.[13] In 2016, the ICRC MoveAbility Foundation reported that the conditions at the national rehabilitation center were not yet adequate for conducting beneficiary-satisfaction surveys.[14] No improvement was noted in subsequent reporting.[15]

Medical care and rehabilitation

Mine/ERW survivors received emergency medical care in Ministry of Health and Social Protection-run medical institutions. Despite the improvement in the quality of diagnosis and treatment of mine victims as compared with previous years, a shortage of experienced specialists, modern medical and diagnostic equipment, and training remained a challenge. Further training for health personnel on delivering disability inclusive services was needed.[16]

Ten surgeons, anesthetists, and trauma doctors from hospitals located in areas potentially prone to emergencies or contaminated by mines/ERW attended an ICRC regional seminar on the management of weapon wounds in Kazakhstan.[17]

A 2015 situational analysis conducted by an intersectoral working group of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Population (MHSPP), in collaboration with different disability and development related stakeholders, with technical support from the World Health Organization (WHO) Country Office, provides extensive detail on gaps, needs, and opportunities for intervention in field rehabilitation for persons with disabilities in Tajikistan. The evaluation component focuses on rehabilitation policy and governance, service provisions, and its impact on persons with disabilities in Tajikistan, and remained a unique source of information on the needs of the sector.[18]

The MHSPP provides free physical rehabilitation services at the main center in Dushanbe (the State Enterprise Prosthetic-Orthopedic Plant), the only fully-functional rehabilitation center capable of providing prosthetics services in the entire country. The satellite center of Khujand only made repairs on existing devices. Remoteness and poor road conditions mean that some regions, including Sugd and Gorno-Badakhshan, are isolated for several months during the winter.[19]

The ICRC MoveAbility Foundation provided assistance to the main rehabilitation center through training and technical advice, staff support, and material donations.[20] The international NGO Polus Center provided on-the-job capacity-building training for prosthetics and orthotics technicians in the main rehabilitation center in early 2018. Wheelchairs were purchased in 2017 and distributed to landmine survivors according to their specific needs in 2018.[21]

Socio-economic and psychosocial inclusion

Two local micro-credit funds “Rushdi Sugd” and “Fayzi Surkhob” continued to provide microcredits to mine/ERW survivors and family members in accordance with a UNDP grant agreement. By the end of 2017, 265 landmine survivors and their family members had received microcreditfunds, including 117 in 2017.[22]

In February–March 2018, professional certification training for 21 doctors from mine-affected districts was organized in cooperation with the MHSPP, UNDP, and TNMAC. The training was for psychological first aid and psycho-social support.[23]

TNMAC resumed organization of its traditional two-week-long rehabilitation summer camp for mine/ERW survivors and other persons with disabilities. The camp includes rehabilitation services, art-therapy, individual and group psychological sessions, and adaptive sport.[24]

The two-week summer rehabilitation workshop for 75 mine/ERW survivors was organized with cooperation the Polus Center in 2017. This rehabilitation program for landmine/ERW survivors was organized in a new format with additional training sessions on assistive devices and stress management.[25]

Victim assistance providers and activities

Name of organization

Type of activity



Coordination, economic-inclusion projects; advocacy; and psychosocial support, including summer rehabilitation camps; awareness-raising; resource mobilization

National Research Institute for Rehabilitation of Disabled People

Rehabilitation assistance for persons with disabilities, including mine/ERW survivors

State Enterprise Prosthetic-Orthopedic Plant

The national rehabilitation center: Physical rehabilitation services; free transportation, accommodation, and meals and repairs at satellite workshops in Khorugh, Khujand, and Kulob

National University

Psychological support and social inclusion


National Union of Disabled Persons (NUDP)

Economic reintegration; social inclusion; advocacy

Tajikistan Campaign to Ban Landmines & Cluster Munitions

Advocacy; economic inclusion; awareness-raising and peer support

Tajikistan Red Crescent Society

Economic reintegration projects and first-aid training


Survivor run: awareness-raising on rights of persons with disabilities; provision of support to mine survivors; based in Dushanbe

Union of survivors of Mines and other Explosives

Legal, psychological support; awareness-raising through mass media, including campaign on mines problem; administrative support to survivors to apply for disability pensions; based in Sugd region with regional coverage


ICRC MoveAbility Foundation

Support to the national rehabilitation center

Polus Center

Support to the national rehabilitation center and TNMAC summer rehabilitation camp



[1] Interview with Reykhan Muminova, TMAC, in Vienna, 18 December 2017.

[2] Statement of Tajikistan, Mine Ban Treaty Intersessional Meetings, Geneva, 7–8 June 2018.

[3] Response to Monitor questionnaire by Reykhan Muminova, TMAC, 24 August 2016; and interview, in Vienna, 18 December 2017.

[4] ICRC MoveAbility Foundation, “Annual report 2016,” Geneva, 2017, p. 4.

[5] Mine Ban Treaty Sixteenth Meeting of States Parties, Vienna, 19 December 2017; and Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2016), Form J.

[6] Resolution number 455, adopted 28 October 2016.

[7] Tajikistan, “Law on Social Protection of Persons with Disabilities,” undated (in Tajik); and telephone interview with EsanboyVohidov, Head, UNDP, 25 March 2011.

[9] Interview with Reykhan Muminova, TMAC, in Vienna, 18 December 2018.

[10] Statement of Tajikistan, Mine Ban Treaty 16thMeeting of States Parties, Vienna, 19 December 2017

[11] Ibid.

[12] Response to Monitor questionnaire by Reykhan Muminova, TMAC, 24 August 2016.

[13] Interview with Reykhan Muminova, TMAC, in Vienna, 18 December 2018.

[14] ICRC MoveAbility Foundation, “Annual Report 2017,” Geneva, 2017, pp. 30–31.

[15] ICRC MoveAbility Foundation, “Annual Report 2018,” Geneva, 2018, p. 18.

[16] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2017), Form J; Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2016), Form J; and interview with Reykhan Muminova, TMAC, in Vienna, 18 December 2018.

[18] WHO Regional Office for Europe, “State of rehabilitation in Tajikistan–Situational Analysis,” undated.

[19] ICRC Special Fund for the Disabled (SFD), “Annual Report 2014,” Geneva, May 2015, pp. 23–24.

[20] ICRC MoveAbility Foundation, “Annual Report 2017,” Geneva, 2018, p. 18.

[21] Statement of Tajikistan, Mine Ban Treaty Intersessional Meetings, Geneva, 7–8 June 2018.

[22] Statement 16MSP; and Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2017), Form J.

[23] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2017), Form J.

[24] Interview with Reykhan Muminova, TMAC, in Vienna, 18 December 2018.

[25] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2017), Form J.