Antigua and Barbuda

Cluster Munition Ban Policy

Last updated: 04 September 2020

Ten-Year Review: State Party Antigua and Barbuda ratified the convention on 23 August 2010. It reported in 2012 that the convention’s provisions would be incorporated into domestic law, but it is unclear if it has done so. Antigua and Barbuda has participated in several meetings of the convention, but not since 2014.

According to its initial transparency report for the convention, Antigua and Barbuda has never used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.


Antigua and Barbuda signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 16 July 2010 and ratified on 23 August 2010. The convention entered into force for Antigua and Barbuda on 1 February 2011, making it the first State Party from the Caribbean.

Antigua and Barbuda has not enacted specific legislation to enforce its implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions. In March 2020, it reported that existing law is being reviewed to determine if new legislative measures are needed and requested guidance.[1]

Antigua and Barbuda provided its initial Article 7 transparency report for the convention on 15 October 2012. Since then, it submitted annual updates on 16 February 2016 and 4 March 2020 indicating no changes with the exception of pending national implementation measures.[2]

Antigua and Barbuda did not participate in the Oslo Process that created the convention, but it signed and ratified in 2010, after officials expressed the government’s intent to join on several occasions.[3]

Antigua and Barbuda participated in three Convention on Cluster Munitions Meetings of States Parties, but none since 2014.[4] It participated in an intersessional meeting of the convention in Geneva in 2013 and regional workshops on cluster munitions, most recently in Grenada in March 2020.

In December 2019, Antigua and Barbuda voted in favor of UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution urging states outside the Convention on Cluster Munitions to “join as soon as possible.”[5] It has voted in favor of the UNGA resolution promoting the convention since 2015. Antigua and Barbuda has also voted in favor of UNGA resolutions condemning the use of cluster munitions in Syria, most recently in December 2019.[6]

Antigua and Barbuda has not expressed its views on certain important issues relating to the convention’s interpretation and implementation such as the prohibitions on transit, foreign stockpiling, investment in production, and assistance during joint military operations with states not party.

Antigua and Barbuda is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is also party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Antigua and Barbuda reported “N/A” or not applicable on all its Article 7 report forms on production and stockpiling, thereby confirming that it has not used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.[7]

[1] Antigua and Barbuda reported that it intends for “the elements to be included in Firearms Act – CAP 171 of 1973 to ensure full implementation of the Convention.” Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, Form A, 4 March 2020.

[2] The 2016 updated annual report covered the period from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015 and the 2020 updated annual report covered the period from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2019.

[3] Response to Monitor questionnaire by Antigua and Barbuda, 24 June 2010; and Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) meeting with Gillian Joseph, First Secretary, Permanent Mission of Antigua and Barbuda to the UN in New York, 23 October 2009.

[4] It participated in the convention’s Meetings of States Parties in 2010, 2013, and 2014, but did not attend the convention’s First Review Conference in Dubrovnik, Croatia in September 2015 or meetings since then.

[5]Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 74/62, 12 December 2019.

[6]Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution 74/169, 18 December 2019.

[7] Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, Forms B and C, 15 October 2012; Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, Forms B & C, 21 August 2014; and Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, Forms B and C, 16 February 2016. The Article 7 Report submitted in March 2020 provides one update, in Form A.