Djibouti

Cluster Munition Ban Policy

Last updated: 05 September 2023

Summary: Djibouti signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions in July 2010, but still has not ratified the convention despite pledging to do so. Djibouti participated in the convention’s intersessional meetings in May 2022, and voted in favor of the key annual United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) resolution promoting the convention in December 2022.

Djibouti states that it has not used, produced, or stockpiled cluster munitions.

Policy

The Republic of Djibouti signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 30 July 2010.

Various government officials have expressed Djibouti’s intent to ratify the convention, but no steps have been taken to complete ratification.[1] The current status of its ratification is not known.

Djibouti participated in several meetings of the Oslo Process that created the convention. It did not attend the Oslo Signing Conference in December 2008, but signed the convention at the United Nations (UN) in New York in July 2010 after making several positive statements in support of the convention.[2]

Djibouti participated in Meetings of States Parties in 2010–2012. After a long absence, it started to re-engage with the convention in 2022, attending the intersessional meetings held in Geneva in May, followed by the Tenth Meeting of States Parties in Geneva in August–September.[3] Djibouti did not make any statements at these meetings.

Djibouti has participated in regional workshops on the Convention on Cluster Munitions. Most recently, Djibouti attended a workshop on the convention for states from Francophone Africa, held in Yaoundé, Cameroon in February 2023.

Djibouti voted in favor of the key UNGA resolution in December 2022 that urged states outside the convention to “join as soon as possible.”[4] It has voted in favor of the annual UNGA resolution promoting the convention since it was first introduced in 2015.

Djibouti is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is also party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW).

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Djibouti has stated several times that it has not used, produced, or stockpiled cluster munitions.[5]



[1] In 2017, a representative from Djibouti confirmed the government’s desire to ratify the convention, but did not provide any further information. CMC meeting with Houmed-Gaba Maki, Counsellor, Permanent Mission of the Republic of Djibouti to the United Nations (UN) in Geneva, Geneva, 25 April 2017. Notes by the CMC. Previously, in 2012, Djibouti said that ratification of the convention was underway, but provided no further details. Statement of Djibouti, Convention on Cluster Munitions Third Meeting of States Parties, Oslo, 13 September 2012.

[2] For more information on Djibouti’s policy and practice regarding cluster munitions through mid-2010, see ICBL, Cluster Munition Monitor 2010 (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, October 2010), pp. 143–144.

[3] Djibouti participated in the convention’s Meetings of States Parties in 2010–2012 and intersessional meetings in 2011. It participated in a regional workshop on the convention held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in August 2016. See, “The Addis Ababa Commitment on Universalization and Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” African Regional Workshop of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Addis Ababa, 5 August 2016.

[4]Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 77/79, 7 December 2022.

[5] Statement of Djibouti, Convention on Cluster Munitions Third Meeting of States Parties, Oslo, 13 September 2012; interview with Amb. Mohamed Siad Douale, Permanent Mission of Djibouti to the UN in Geneva, 13 April 2010; and statement of Djibouti, Convention on Cluster Munitions First Meeting of States Parties, Vientiane, 10 November 2010. Notes by the CMC.