European Union

Support for Mine Action

Last updated: 14 November 2023

In 2022, the European Union (EU) was the second-largest donor to mine action, contributing €118 million (US$124 million) to 16 countries and one other area in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and South America, and at a global level.[1]

The largest contribution of €35 million (US$36.9) went to Ukraine for clearance and capacity-building activities, representing more than one-quarter (30%) of the EU’s total contribution for the year. Afghanistan also received a significant contribution of €26 million (US$27.8) or 22% of the total.

The EU was the only donor to Croatia, Senegal, Serbia, and Türkiye in 2022. Croatia and Türkiye received the same amount from the EU as in 2021. At the Mine Action National Directors and United Nations (UN) Advisers meeting in May 2021, Croatia said that “the stability of financing sources for mine action…is based on political will, high proportion of its own resources, extraordinary cross-sectorial cooperation and exceptional European Union contribution.”[2] Since Croatia’s accession to the EU in 2013, the EU has contributed more than €135 million ($155 million) to demining efforts in the country.

Contributions by recipient: 2022[3]

Recipient

Sector

Amount

(€)

Amount

(US$)

Ukraine

Clearance, capacity-building

35,010,000

36,879,534

Afghanistan

Clearance, victim assistance, various

26,390,000

27,799,226

Libya

Clearance, capacity-building

10,500,000

11,060,700

Türkiye

Clearance

9,500,000

10,007,300

Syria

Clearance, capacity-building

8,820,000

9,290,988

Yemen

Victim assistance, clearance

8,000,000

8,427,200

Croatia

Clearance

5,500,000

5,793,700

Azerbaijan

Clearance

5,250,000

5,530,350

Colombia

Clearance, capacity-building, risk education

2,000,000

2,160,800

Iraq

Clearance

1,500,000

1,580,100

Nigeria

Capacity-building, risk education

1,200,000

1,264,080

Palestine

Various

1,000,000

1,053,400

Myanmar

Clearance

750,000

790,050

Senegal

Clearance

750,000

790,050

Global

Capacity-building

700,000

737,380

Armenia

Clearance

640,000

674,176

Nagorno-Karabakh

Victim assistance

300,000

316,020

Serbia

Capacity-building

120,000

126,408

Total

117,930,000

124,281,462

 

Mine action assistance approach

Mine action support has been described as one of “the high priorities of EU foreign policy,” and is closely linked to the realization of the 2030 Agenda and environmental considerations, as well as to the concepts of early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management, and post-conflict rehabilitation.[4]

In August 2017, the EU Council adopted a decision in support of implementation of the Mine Ban Treaty.[5] The decision expired and was replaced in February 2021 by a new decision to contribute to the full implementation of the Oslo Action Plan over a period of four years. The EU Council committed to contribute a total of €2.7 million ($3.3 million) to support mine clearance, risk education and reduction efforts, victim assistance, universalization, and alternatives to the use of live antipersonnel mines for training purposes. As part of the decision, the EU also aims to strengthen awareness of the treaty among the international community.[6]

In 2018, the European Commission (EC) decided to restructure its external action funding architecture and elaborate a new instrument to unify all its policies, known as the Neighborhood Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI). Following its adoption by the European Parliament in June 2021, NDICI has become the EU’s main financial tool and integrates many of the instruments used for mine action assistance. The total budget of NDICI amounts to approximately €79.5 billion ($95.8 billion) for the period 2021–2027.[7]

Five-year support to mine action

In 2018–2022, the EU has consistently ranked among the top five donors to mine action, with its contribution over the five-year period totaling more than €387.9 million ($435.9 million). In United States (US) dollars, this represents a 45% increase to its total contribution during the previous five-year period, from 2013–2017, when the EU provided US$301.5 million.

Summary of contributions: 2018–2022[8]

Year

Amount

(€)

Amount

(US$)

% change from previous year (US$)

2022

117,930,000

124,281,462

+229

2021

31,940,000

37,785,020

-58

2020

78,672,000

89,764,752

+18

2019

67,925,531

76,035,840

-30

2018

91,449,318

108,065,659

+60

Total

387,916,849

435,932,733

N/A

Note: N/A=not applicable.

 

 



[1] Response to Monitor questionnaire by Michal Adamowicz, Policy Officer, Conventional Arms Export Control, Disarmament, Non-Proliferation and Arms Export Control, European External Action Service (EEAS), 28 September 2023.

[2] Statement of Croatia, Twenty-Fourth International Meeting of Mine Action National Directors and UN Advisers, held virtually, 25 May 2021.

[3] Average exchange rate for 2022: €1=US$1.0534. United States (US) Federal Reserve, “List of Exchange Rates (Annual),” 9 January 2023. 

[4] EEAS, “The European Union’s Support for Mine Action Across the World,” 2018; statement of the EU, Convention on Cluster Munitions Second Review Conference, Geneva, 21 September 2021; statement of the EU, Mine Ban Treaty Eighteenth Meeting of States Parties, Geneva, 19 November 2020; and statement of the EU, 946th Meeting of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Forum for Security Cooperation, 13 May 2020.

[5] EU Council, Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/1428 in support of the implementation of the Maputo Action Plan for the Implementation of the 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, 4 August 2017.

[6] EU Council, Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/257 in support of the Oslo Action Plan for the Implementation of the 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, 18 February 2021. Average exchange rate for February 2021: €1=$1.2094. US Federal Reserve, “Foreign Exchange Rates – G.5 Monthly,” 1 March 2021.

[8] See previous Support for Mine Action country profiles. ICBL-CMC, “Country Profiles: European Union,” undated.