Guinea

Cluster Munition Ban Policy

Last updated: 05 September 2023

Summary: State Party Guinea ratified the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 21 October 2014. It last participated in a meeting of the convention in 2016. Guinea voted in favor of the key United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) resolution promoting the convention in December 2022.

Guinea is not known to have ever used, produced, or exported cluster munitions, but has imported them and may possess a stockpile. Guinea must provide an Article 7 transparency report for the convention to confirm if it possesses cluster munition stocks. Guinea was obligated to ensure the destruction of any stocks no later than 1 April 2023.

Policy

The Republic of Guinea signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 3 December 2008 and ratified it on 21 October 2014. The convention entered into force for the country on 1 April 2015.

Guinea has not indicated whether it plans to enact specific national implementation legislation for the convention.

As of July 2023, Guinea had still not submitted its initial Article 7 transparency report for the Convention on Cluster Munitions, which was originally due by 19 April 2015. Timely submission of this report is a legal obligation.

Guinea participated in the Oslo Process which created the convention, and attended the Dublin negotiations in May 2008, where it joined in the consensus adoption of the convention.[1]

Guinea has participated in several meetings of the convention, but not since September 2016.[2]

Guinea voted in favor of a UNGA resolution promoting universalization and full implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions in December 2022.[3]

Guinea has not elaborated its views on certain important issues relating to the interpretation and implementation of the convention, including the prohibition on assistance, transit, foreign stockpiling, and investment in production of cluster munitions.

Guinea is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW).

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Guinea is not known to have used, produced, or exported cluster munitions.

Guinea imported cluster munitions in the past and may still possess a stockpile. Moldova has reported that it transferred 860 9M27K cluster munition rockets, each containing 30 fragmentation submunitions, to Guinea in 2000, for use in its 220mm Uragan multi-barrel rocket launchers.[4]

Guinea must provide a transparency report for the convention to formally confirm if it possesses stocks. If it does, it must provide information on the types and quantities to be destroyed. Guinea was obligated to have declared and destroyed any cluster munition stocks no later than 1 April 2023.

Guinea has not indicated if it has retained any cluster munitions for research and training purposes.



[1] For details on Guinea’s cluster munition policy and practice up to early 2009, see Human Rights Watch (HRW) and Landmine Action, Banning Cluster Munitions: Government Policy and Practice (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, May 2009), p. 86.

[2] Guinea participated in the convention’s Meetings of States Parties in 2010–2011 and 2016, and the First Review Conference in September 2015.

[3]Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 77/79, 7 December 2022. Guinea has voted in favor of the annual UNGA resolution promoting the convention every year since it was first introduced in 2015, except when it was absent from the vote in 2019.

[4] Republic of Moldova, UN Register of Conventional Arms, Submission for Calendar Year 2000, 30 May 2001.