Last updated: 23 January 2018

Casualties Overview

Total known casualties by end 2016

3,730 (1,091 killed; 2,638 injured; 1 unknown)

Casualties in 2016

79 (2015: 7)

2016 casualties by survival outcome

19 killed; 60 injured (2015: 4 killed; 3 injured)

2016 casualties by device type

7 antipersonnel mine; 62 improvised mine; 10 explosive remnants of war (ERW)

In 2016, the Monitor identified 79 casualties from mines, including improvised mines (victim activated improvised explosive devices, IEDs) and other ERW in the Republic of India.[1] Of the total casualties for which the sex were known, 63 were male and nine were female, including five girls.[2] Of the total, there were 23 civilian casualties and 56 military personnel. Fifteen mine/ERW casualties occurred in the region of Jammu and Kashmir.

The 79 mine/ERW casualties identified in 2016 represented a massive increase from the seven casualties in 2015.[3] Such fluctuations in annual casualty figures are not necessarily indicative of trends, since India lacks a systematic data collection system, however significantly more casualties of “pressure mines” or improvised mines were reported in media in 2016.

The cumulative number of casualties in India is not known. Between 1999 and 2016, the Monitor identified 3,730 mine, improvised mine, and ERW casualties in India (1,091 killed; 2,638 injured; 1 unknown).

[1] Monitor media analysis for 2016 (from 1 January to 31 December); Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD)-Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) antivehicle mine database provided by email from Ursign Hofmann, Policy Advisor, GICHD, 24 August 2017; email from Jennifer Dathan, Researcher, Action on Armed Violence (AOAV), 15 September 2017; and Monitor analysis of Armed Conflict Location and Event Data project (ACLED), “ACLED Version 7 All Africa 1997–2016,” and “ACLED Asia Running File 2016,” data for calendar year 2016. Approved citation: Raleigh, Clionadh, Andrew Linke, Håvard Hegre ,and Joakim Karlsen. 2010. Introducing ACLED-Armed Conflict Location and Event Data. Journal of Peace Research 47(5) 651-660.

[2] The age of six casualties and the sex of seven casualties were not recorded.

[3] Monitor media monitoring 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015. For casualty data from previous years, see previous Monitor country profiles for India available on the Monitor website.