Mine Action

Last updated: 12 November 2018

Treaty status

Mine Ban Treaty

Not a party

Mine action management

National mine action management actors

No civilian mine action program.The Director-General of Military Operations decides on mine clearance

Operators in 2017

Army Corps of Engineers

Extent of contamination as of end 2017


Not known

Cluster munition remnants


Other ERW contamination

Extent not reported

Land release in 2017


Not reported

Other ERW




India does not have a mine action program and does not report on extent of contamination or on land release. Information on mine clearance is only available through the media

Note: ERW = explosive remnants of war.


The Republic of India is contaminated with mines, mainly as a result of large-scale mine-laying by government forces on and near the Line of Control (LoC) separating India and Pakistan during the 1971 war and the 2001–2002 stand-off betweenthe two states. Antipersonnel and antivehicle mines were laid on cultivated land and pasture, as well as around infrastructure and a number of villages.

Despite occasional official claims that all the mines laid were subsequently cleared, reports of contamination and casualties have persisted. A media report in 2013 cited a government statement that about 20km2 of irrigated land was still mined in the Akhnoor sector of the LoC alone.[1] In 2016 and 2017, according to media accounts, the Indian army was manually clearing mines in the border districts of Jammu and Kashmi.[2]

In 2017–2018, a number of landmine incidents continued to be reported, primarily involving Indian army personnel, but also civilians. (See India’s Casualty profile for details.)

Security forces have also reported extensive use of mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) by Maoist insurgents in the northeastern states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand causing civilian and military casualties. In July 2018, it was reported that 15 antivehicle mines emplaced by Maoist rebels were neutralised by security forces in Garhwa district, Jharkhand state.[3] However, mine types are usually not specified and may include command-detonated explosive devices as well as mines (i.e. victim-activated explosive devices).[4]

Program Management

India has no civilian mine action programme. The Director-General of Military Operations decides on mine clearance after receiving assessment reports from the command headquarters of the respective districts where mine clearance is needed.

Land Release

There is no publicly available official information on land release in 2017. The Army Corps of Engineers is responsible for clearing mines placed by non-state armed groups.[5] In July 2017, for instance, according to a media report, the Indian army was manually clearing mines in the border districts of Jammu and Kashmir and was procuring more advanced demining equipment with a view to improving safety and decreasing the number of deminer casualties.[6] Media reports have indicated the police also play an active part in clearing mines and other explosive hazards on an ad hocbasis in states dealing with insurgency.[7]

India has not reported that any mine clearance has occurred in its Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) Amended Protocol II Article 13 transparency reports since 2006.[8] In August 2016, India stated that “mines used for military operations were laid within fenced and marked perimeters and were cleared after operations.”[9]

The Monitor acknowledges the contributions of the Mine Action Review (, which has conducted the primary mine action research in 2018 and shared all its country-level landmine reports (from“Clearing the Mines 2018”) and country-level cluster munition reports (from “Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2018”) with the Monitor. The Monitor is responsible for the findings presented online and in its print publications.

[1] A. Sharma, “Heavy rainfall worsening landmine peril for Kashmiri farmers,” Thomson Reuters Foundation, 5 November 2013.

[2]Advanced tech to help soldiers map minefields,” The Times of India, 10 July 2017; and, S. Z. Iqbal, “Farmers Hope to Return to Fields as Army Clears Landmines on Line of Control,” NDTV, 27 June 2016.

[3]Jawans unearth 15 landmines on rebel turf,” The Telegraph India, 6 July 2018.

[4] See, for example, “Jharkhand: Six Jaguar Force jawans killed in Maoist landmine blast,” The Indian Express, 27June 2018; “Farmer hurt in blast,” The Telegraph India, 3 May 2018; and “Three killed in landmine blast triggered by Maoists in Chhattisgarh,” Hindustan Times, 19 January 2017.

[5] Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) Amended Protocol II Article 13 Report (for 2006), Form B.

[6]Advanced tech to help soldiers map minefields,” The Times of India, 10 July 2017.

[7]IEDs pose huge challenge in efforts to counter Naxals: Police,” The Indian Express, 24 July 2017.

[8] CCW Amended Protocol II Article 13 Report (for 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2017), Form B.

[9] Statement of India, “Summary record of 18th Annual Conference of High Contracting Parties to CCW Amended Protocol II,” CCW/AP.II/CONF.18/SR.1, Geneva, 30 August 2016.