Iraq

Support for Mine Action

Last updated: 20 December 2023

In 2022, Iraq received a total of US$89.6 million in international mine action assistance from 14 donors.[1] This represents a decrease of 6% compared to the $95.5 million received in 2021.

Three donors—the United States (US), Germany, and Canada—provided a combined total of $70.7 million in 2022, accounting for 79% of total international mine action assistance to Iraq. The US provided the largest contribution, amounting to $40.3 million for clearance, capacity-building, and risk education activities.

Of the total contribution, $75.4 million (or 84%) went to clearance and integrated clearance programs, including risk education and victim assistance activities. Less than 1% ($0.4 million) went toward dedicated risk education and victim assistance activities. A total of $1.4 million (1.5%) went to capacity-building, while the remaining $12.4 million (14%) went to mine action activities that were not disaggregated by donors, or were allocated as unearmarked funds.

International contributions: 2022[2]

Donor

Sector

Amount

(national currency)

Amount

(US$)

United States

Clearance, capacity-building, risk education

US$40,253,000

40,253,000

Germany

Clearance, capacity-building, risk education

€15,034,000

15,836,816

Canada

Clearance, risk education

C$19,075,947

14,658,020

Norway

Clearance, risk education, victim assistance

NOK40,149,960

4,176,284

Sweden

Clearance

SEK38,000,000

3,755,794

Denmark

Clearance, capacity-building, unearmarked funding

DKK21,763,231

3,074,511

France

Clearance

€2,000,000

2,106,800

European Union

Clearance, risk education

€1,500,000

1,580,100

Luxembourg

Clearance, victim assistance

€1,314,260

1,384,441

Belgium

Clearance, risk education, victim assistance

€1,000,000

1,053,400

Italy

Clearance, risk education

€1,000,000

1,053,400

New Zealand

Capacity-building

NZ$700,000

445,270

Slovenia

Clearance

N/R

207,436

Slovakia

Clearance, capacity-building

€25,000

26,335

Total

 -

 N/A

89,611,607

Note: N/A=not applicable; N/R=not reported.

Iraq reported a contribution of $3.9 million to its mine action program in 2022 for clearance of cluster munitions remnants, and for explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) operations.[3]

Five-year support for mine action

In the five-year period from 2018–2022, international assistance to mine action in Iraq totaled more than $501.7 million. Iraq was the largest recipient of international mine action funding from 2018–2022, as it was in the previous five-year period from 2013–2017.

Summary of international contributions: 2018–2022[4]

Year

International contributions (US$)

% change from previous year

2022

89,611,607

-6

2021

95,500,000

-9

2020

104,500,000

+9

2019

95,682,468

-18

2018

116,406,652

-42

Total

501,700,727

N/A

  Note: N/A=not applicable.



[1] Belgium: Belgium Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form I. Canada: Canada Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form I; and Canada Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Section 5. Denmark: response to Monitor questionnaire by Uffe Troensgaard, Head of Section, Denmark Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Defence, 29 September 2023. European Union: response to Monitor questionnaire by Michal Adamowicz, Policy Officer, Non-Proliferation and Arms Export Control, European External Action Service (EEAS), 28 September 2023. France: response to Monitor questionnaire by the Yves Marek, Ambassador for Mine Clearance, France Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, 21 September 2023. Germany: Germany Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form I; and Germany Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form J. Italy: Italy Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form I. Luxembourg: response to Monitor questionnaire by Dario Hoffman, Security Policy Desk, Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, 31 May 2023. New Zealand: New Zealand Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form J; and New Zealand Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form I. Norway: Norway Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form J. Slovakia: Slovakia Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form J. Slovenia: ITF Enhancing Human Security, “Annual Report 2022,” March 2023, p. 21. Sweden: response to Monitor questionnaire by Catarina Fabiansson, Senior Programme Manager, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), 29 August 2023. United States: US Department of State, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement (PM/WRA), “To Walk the Earth in Safety: 1 October 2021–30 September 2022,” 4 April 2023. For Article 7 reports, see Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Database and Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Database.

[2] Average exchange rate for 2022: C$1.3014=US$1; DKK7.0786=US$1; €1=US$1.0534; NOK9.6138=US$1; NZ$1=US$0.6361; and SEK10.1177=US$1. US Federal Reserve, “List of Exchange Rates (Annual),” 9 January 2023.

[4] See previous Support for Mine Action country profiles. ICBL-CMC, “Country Profiles: Iraq,” undated; ICBL, Landmine Monitor 2022 (ICBL-CMC: Geneva, November 2022); and ICBL, Landmine Monitor 2021 (ICBL-CMC: Geneva, November 2021).