Cluster Munition Ban Policy

Last updated: 11 June 2015

Five-Year Review: State Party Monaco ratified the convention on 21 September 2010 and provided an initial transparency report in 2011 confirming it has never produced or stockpiled cluster munitions. It is not known to have ever used or transferred the weapons. Monaco has not declared any national implementation measures to enforce the convention’s provisions. It attended last attended a meeting of the convention in 2010.


The Principality of Monaco signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 3 December 2008, ratified on 21 September 2010, and the convention entered into force for the country on 1 March 2011.

Monaco has not declared any national implementation measures such as legislation to enforce the provisions of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, as required by Article 9.[1]

Monaco submitted its initial Article 7 transparency report for the Convention on Cluster Munitions in August 2011 and provided annual updates indicating no change in 2012 and 2014.[2] As of 4 June 2015, it had yet to submit an updated report, due by 30 April.

Monaco attended one meeting of the Oslo Process that created the convention (Vienna in December 2007) as well as the Oslo Signing Conference in December 2008.

It has not participated in any meetings of the convention since attending the First Meeting of States Parties in Vientiane, Lao PDR in November 2010.

Monaco has voted in favor of recent UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolutions condemning the use of cluster munitions in Syria, including Resolution 69/189 on 18 December 2014, which expressed “outrage” at the continued use.[3]

Monaco has not elaborated its views on a number of issues important for the interpretation and implementation of the convention, such as the prohibition on assistance with prohibited acts in joint military operations, the prohibitions on foreign stockpiling and transit of cluster munitions, and the prohibition on investment in cluster munition production.

Monaco is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is also party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Monaco has declared that it does not produce or stockpile cluster munitions.[4] It is not known to have ever used or transferred cluster munitions.

[1] Monaco has not reported on national implementation measures in its initial Article 7 report, but left the form uncompleted. Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report, Form A, 2011.

[2] Annual periods are covered by the reports submitted in 2011 (calendar year 2010), 2012 (calendar year 2011), and 2014 (calendar year 2013).

[3] “Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution A/RES/69/189, 18 December 2014. Monaco voted in favor of similar resolutions on 15 May and 18 December 2013.

Mine Ban Policy

Last updated: 18 December 2019


The Principality of Monaco signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 4 December 1997 and ratified it on 17 November 1998, becoming a State Party on 1 May 1999. Legislation to enforce the antipersonnel mine prohibition domestically was adopted on 30 August 1999.[1]

Monaco last attended a meeting of the treaty in 2012 at the Twelfth Meeting of States Parties. It did not attend the Third Review Conference in Maputo in June 2014. Monaco occasionally submits Article 7 transparency reports, most recently in 2017.

Monaco is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and its Amended Protocol II on landmines but not Protocol V on explosive remnants of war. Monaco is party to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

Production, transfer, stockpile destruction, and retention

Monaco has never used, produced, exported, or imported antipersonnel mines, including for training purposes.

[1] Ordonnance Souveraine no. 14.123, 30 August 1999, Journal de Monaco, 3 September 1999. The legislation includes penal sanctions applicable also to Monegasques living abroad. Monaco Response to Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Questionnaire, 10 December 2001, p. 3.