Cluster Munition Ban Policy

Last updated: 05 September 2023

Summary: Non-signatory Oman has never commented on the humanitarian concerns raised by cluster munitions or elaborated its position on joining the Convention on Cluster Munitions.It last participated in a meeting of the convention in September 2019. Oman abstained from voting on a key United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) resolution promoting the convention in December 2022.

Oman is not known to have produced or exported cluster munitions, but it has imported them and likely possesses stocks. There is no evidence that Oman has used cluster munitions.


The Sultanate of Oman has not acceded to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

Oman has never commented on the humanitarian concerns raised by cluster munitions or elaborated its position on joining the convention.[1]

Oman participated in several meetings of the Oslo Process that created the Convention on Cluster Munitions, including the formal negotiations in Dublin in May 2008 as an observer, but did not sign the convention.[2]

Oman has participated as an observer at several meetings of the convention, most recently the Ninth Meeting of States Parties in Geneva in September 2019.[3] Oman was invited to, but did not attend, the convention’s Tenth Meeting of States Parties held in Geneva in August–September 2022.

In December 2022, Oman abstained from voting on a key UNGA resolution urging states outside the Convention on Cluster Munitions to “join as soon as possible.”[4] Oman has abstained from the vote on the annual UNGA resolution promoting the convention since it was first introduced in 2015.

Oman is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW).

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Oman is not known to have used, produced, or exported cluster munitions.

Oman has imported cluster munitions and possesses a stockpile. In 2002, the United States (US) announced the sale of 50 CBU-97/105 Sensor Fuzed Weapons to Oman.[5] Jane’s Information Group has reported that Oman possesses BL755 and Rockeye cluster bombs.[6] Oman also possesses 122mm Grad-type and Hyrda-70 rocket launchers, but it is not known if they deliver cluster munition payloads.

[1] In 2016, government officials from Oman told campaigners that Oman was studying the convention. ICBL-CMC meeting with Hamood Al-Towayce, Permanent Representative of Oman to the United Nations (UN) in New York, New York, October 2016. In 2013, a government official said Oman participated in meetings of the convention to learn more about the convention’s provisions and observe its progress. CMC meeting with Khaled Hardan, Director of Disarmament, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in Lusaka, 11 September 2013.

[2] For further details on Oman’s cluster munition policy and practice up to early 2009, see Human Rights Watch (HRW) and Landmine Action, Banning Cluster Munitions: Government Practice and Policy (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, May 2009), pp. 224–225.

[3] Oman participated as an observer at the convention’s First Review Conference in Dubrovnik, Croatia in September 2015, as well as at Meetings of States Parties in 2011, 2013, 2016, and 2018–2019.

[4]Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 77/79, 7 December 2022.

[5] Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), US Department of Defense, “News Release: Oman-F-16 Aircraft Munitions,” Transmittal No. 02-16, 10 April 2002.

[6] Robert Hewson, ed., Jane’s Air-Launched Weapons, Issue 44 (Surrey: Jane’s Information Group, 2004), p. 843; and Colin King, ed., Jane’s Explosive Ordnance Disposal, CD-edition, 10 January 2008 (Surrey: Jane’s Information Group, 2008).