Mine Action

Last updated: 12 November 2018

Treaty status

Mine Ban Treaty


Mine action management

National mine action management actors

No formal civilian program

Operators in 2017

Military engineering units
Frontier Constabulary

Extent of contamination as of end 2017


Not known, includes improvised mines

Cluster munition remnants


Land release in 2017


Not reported


The Islamic Republic of Pakistan remains heavily affected by mines and other ordnance from the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan (1979–1989) and three wars with India, as well as from more recent and continuing conflicts in areas bordering Afghanistan, including, in particular, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).

In 2017, Pakistan reiterated past statements that it “faces no problem of uncleared mines.” It again acknowledged that the army laid mines on its eastern border with India during an escalation of tensions in 2001–2002, but stated those mines were all cleared and that no mines have since been laid.[1] However, it has reported that attacks by non-state armed groups again employed improvised antipersonnel and antivehicle mines during 2017.[2]

Programme Management

Pakistan has no formal civilian mine action programme. Pakistani military engineering units are believed to be responsible for mine clearance in conflict zones, while the Frontier Constabulary has said it conducts mine clearance in contaminated areas of Baluchistan, FATA, and other conflict zones in the North-West Frontier Province.[3]

Land Release

There are no reports of formal land release in 2017. Pakistan said that in 2017 the army destroyed 955 “unserviceable” antipersonnel mines.[4]

[1] Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) Amended Protocol II Article 13 Report (for 2017), Form B; and statement of Pakistan, Mine Ban Treaty 16th Meeting of States Parties, 18–21 December 2017.

[2] CCW Amended Protocol II Article 13 Report (for 2017), Form B.

[3] Interviews with Khalil Ur Rehman, Director, Disarmament Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Islamabad, 9 April 2011; with Muhammad Kamran Akhtar, then-Director, Disarmament Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Islamabad, 23 April 2009, and 10 April 2007; with Brig. Azmat Ali, Spokesman, Inter Services Public Relations, Peshawar, 22 March 2010; and with Sifat Ghayur, Inspector General, Frontier Constabulary, Peshawar, 19 March 2010. 

[4] CCW Amended Protocol II Article 13 Report (for 2017), Forms B and F.