Switzerland

Support for Mine Action

Last updated: 14 November 2023

In 2022, Switzerland contributed CHF18.8 million (US$19.7 million) in mine action funding to fourteen countries and one other area, and at a regional and global level.[1] At the global level, support went to the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), the Implementation Support Units (ISUs) of the Convention on Cluster Munitions and the Mine Ban Treaty, and other non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The largest contribution went to GICHD, which received half of Switzerland’s total contribution for the year.[2]

In addition to financial support, Switzerland provided in-kind expert assistance valued at CHF3.5 million ($3.7 million) through the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS), the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), and the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO). This in-kind assistance supported mine action operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Mali, South Sudan, and Sudan, as well as in Western Sahara, and other global activities at the United Nations (UN) in Geneva and New York. Switzerland also supported a GICHD training program in western Ukraine.[3]

Contributions by recipient: 2022[4]

Recipient

Sector

Amount (CHF)

Amount (US$)

Global (GICHD)

Various

9,534,700

9,983,979

Global (other)

Advocacy, various

2,092,849

2,191,465

Colombia

Clearance, risk education, victim assistance

1,117,834

1,170,507

Dem. Rep. Congo

Clearance

1,005,179

1,052,543

Cambodia

Advocacy, clearance, risk education

1,000,000

1,047,120

Yemen

Risk education, victim assistance

672,134

703,805

Syria

Risk education, victim assistance

641,440

671,665

Ukraine

Clearance, risk education, capacity-building

400,800

419,686

South Sudan

Clearance

379,911

397,813

Zimbabwe

Clearance

321,816

336,980

Sudan

Clearance

317,820

332,796

Myanmar

Advocacy, risk education, victim assistance

300,000

314,136

Georgia

Clearance

238,125

249,346

Sri Lanka

Clearance, capacity-building

202,500

212,042

Mali

Clearance

200,000

209,424

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Clearance, risk education

149,000

156,021

Regional

Capacity-building

142,720

149,445

Western Sahara

Clearance

114,039

119,413

Total

 -

18,830,867

19,718,186

 

Mine action assistance approach

In September 2016, Switzerland released its Mine Action Strategic Plan 2016–2019, which was subsequently extended until 2022.[5] The plan reaffirmed Switzerland’s commitment to the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

In February 2022, Switzerland adopted its first ever Arms Control and Disarmament Strategy, covering 2022–2025. Within this strategy, mine action is integrated under the priority area to address challenges related to conventional weapons.[6] In April 2023, Switzerland published its Action Plan on Humanitarian Mine Action, covering 2023–2026. The plan focuses on the implementation of relevant international treaties, support for clearance of contaminated areas to enable sustainable development, the promotion and adaptation of the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS) to new challenges, and the advancement of innovative technologies and methods. Switzerland also committed to targeted support for Ukraine in the coming years.[7]

Five-year support to mine action

From 2018–2022, Switzerland provided a total of CHF76.6 million ($80.1 million) in mine action support, with the majority of its funding going to GICHD. This is slightly below the level of support recorded in the previous five-year period from 2013–2017, when Switzerland contributed CHF85.7 million ($89.8 million).

Summary of contributions: 2018–2022[8]

Year

Amount (CHF)

Amount (US$)

% change from previous year (US$)

2022

18,830,867

19,718,186

+29

2021

13,926,017

15,229,676

-1

2020

14,417,895

15,356,156

+4

2019

14,697,442

14,790,623

-2

2018

14,705,453

15,030,103

-23

Total

76,577,674

80,124,744

N/A

Note: N/A=not applicable.



[1] Average exchange rate for 2022: CHF0.9550=US$1. United States (US) Federal Reserve, “List of Exchange Rates (Annual),” 9 January 2023.

[2] Switzerland Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form I. See, Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 Database.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Swiss Confederation, “Arms Control and Disarmament Strategy: 2022–2025,” February 2022.

[6] Ibid.

[7] Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, “Action Plan on Humanitarian Mine Action: 2023–2026,” 4 April 2023.

[8] See previous Support for Mine Action country profiles. ICBL-CMC, “Country Profiles: Switzerland,” undated.