Mine Ban Policy

Last updated: 18 December 2019


The Kingdom of Tonga has not acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty.

Tonga’s current views on Mine Ban Treaty accession are not known. On 5 December 2018, Tonga voted in favor of UN General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 73/61 calling for universalization of the Mine Ban Treaty, as it has done in previous years.[1]

Previously, in October 2009, Tonga’s permanent representative to the UN in New York, Ambassador Sonatane Tu’akinamolahi Taumoepeau Tupou, told the ICBL that the question of Mine Ban Treaty accession had been reviewed by several government departments and must now receive final approval from the cabinet and then the privy council.[2] In 2007, a Ministry of Foreign Affairs official said Tonga lacked the internal resources needed to complete the necessary accession procedures.[3]

Tonga participated in the Twelfth Meeting of States Parties in 2012 as an observer. It also participated in a regional workshop on the Mine Ban Treaty in Port Vila, Vanuatu, in May 2007.

Tonga is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons, nor is it party to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpile

Tonga has stated that it has never produced, transferred, or stockpiled antipersonnel mines.[4]

[1] “Implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction,” UNGA Resolution 73/61, 5 December 2018.

[2] ICBL meeting with Amb. Sonatane Tu’akinamolahi Taumoepeau Tupou, Permanent Mission of Tonga to the UN, New York, 14 October 2009. See ICBL, “Report on CMC/ICBL Lobby Meetings: UNGA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security, New York,” 12–23 October 2009.

[3] Remarks of Tonga, Regional Workshop Towards a Mine-Free Pacific, Port Vila, Vanuatu, 3 May 2007. Notes by the Monitor.

[4] Fax from Falekava Kupu, on behalf of the Acting Chief Secretary and Secretary for the Cabinet, Prime Minister’s Office, 14 August 2001.