Türkiye

Last updated: 20 December 2023

In 2022, the European Union (EU) contributed €9.5 million (US$10 million) for mine clearance activities along the Türkiye-Iran border, as part of the Eastern Border Mine Clearance Project managed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).[1]

Türkiye allocated $13.8 million to national mine clearance and risk education activities during 2022. Türkiye also reported that the Ministry of National Defense had approved an allocation of TRY80 million (approximately $2.7 million) for humanitarian mine action from 2023–2025.[2]

In 2022, Türkiye provided mine clearance training to the Azerbaijani Armed Forces, and four Turkish military demining teams conducted clearance in Azerbaijan.[3] Turkish military demining teams also supported training and the destruction of explosive remnants of war (ERW) in Libya.[4]

Five-year support for mine action

In the five-year period from 2018–2022, Türkiye received $42.5 million in international mine action support. Almost all of this support was provided in 2020–2022. Türkiye did not receive international mine action funding in 2015–2017.

Summary of international support: 2018–2022[5]

Year

International contributions (US$)

% change from previous year

2022

10,007,300

-11

2021

11,200,000

-47

2020

21,200,000

+30,185

2019

70,000

+775

2018

8,000

N/A

Total

42,485,300

N/A

                        Note: N/A=not applicable.



[1] Response to Monitor questionnaire by Michal Adamowicz, Policy Officer, Conventional Arms Export Control, European External Action Service (EEAS), 28 September 2023; and Türkiye Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Forms D and I. See, Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Database.

[2] Türkiye Mine Ban Treaty Second Article 5 deadline Extension Request, 31 March 2021, p. 16; and Türkiye Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form D.

[3] Türkiye Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form I.

[4] Statement of Türkiye, Mine Ban Treaty Eighth Pledging Conference, Geneva, 24 March 2023.

[5] See previous Support for Mine Action country profiles. ICBL-CMC, “Country Profiles: Türkiye,” undated; ICBL, Landmine Monitor 2022 (ICBL-CMC: Geneva, November 2022); ICBL, Landmine Monitor 2021 (ICBL-CMC: Geneva, November 2021); ICBL, Landmine Monitor 2020 (ICBL-CMC: Geneva, November 2020); and ICBL, Landmine Monitor 2019 (ICBL-CMC: Geneva, November 2019).