Vietnam

Support for Mine Action

Last updated: 09 January 2024

In 2022, Vietnam received a total of US$22.2 million in international mine action assistance from five donors. This represents a 4% increase from the $21.4 million received in 2021.[1]

The United States (US) has provided the largest annual contribution to mine action in Vietnam each year since 2010. In 2022, the US provided almost $20.3 million, representing 91% of total international support.

Vietnam did not receive international support for victim assistance activities in 2022. All funds were allocated to clearance and risk education.

South Korea signed an agreement in 2022 to provide $25 million for a five-year mine action and rural development project in Vietnam, though it did not report on its annual contribution for 2022.[2]

International contributions: 2022[3]

Donor

Sector

Amount

(national currency)

Amount

(US$)

United States

Clearance, risk education

US$20,268,000

20,268,000

Norway

Clearance

NOK5,424,089

564,198

Japan

Clearance

¥69,999,948

532,486

United Kingdom

Clearance, risk education

£351,947

435,394

Ireland

Clearance

€350,000

368,690

Total

-

N/A

22,168,768

Note: N/A=not applicable.

In 2022, as in previous years, Vietnam did not report its national contribution to mine action, though it supports the Vietnam National Mine Action Center (VNMAC) and contributes to the national mine action program.

Five-year support for mine action

In the five-year period from 2018–2022, international contributions to mine action in Vietnam totaled some $100.3 million. This represents an increase of $50.9 million (or 103%) from total international contributions during the previous five-year period, from 2013–2017.

Summary of international contributions: 2018–2022[4]

Year

International contributions (US$)

% change from previous year

2022

22,168,768

+4

2021

21,400,000

-3

2020

22,100,000

+13

2019

19,615,657

+31

2018

14,987,273

+9

Total

100,271,698

N/A

                       Note: N/A=not applicable.

 


[1] Ireland: Ireland Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form J. Japan: response to Monitor questionnaire by Akifumi Fukuoka, Deputy Director, Conventional Arms Division, Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 7 September 2023. Norway: Norway Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form J. United Kingdom: UK Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2022), Form J. United States: US Department of State, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement (PM/WRA), “To Walk the Earth in Safety: 1 October 2021–30 September 2022,” 4 April 2023. For Article 7 reports, see Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Database.

[2] United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Vietnam press release, “KOICA and central provinces renewed cooperation in mine action and rural development,” 17 March 2022.

[3] Average exchange rates for 2022: NOK9.6138=US$1; £1=US$1.2371; ¥131.4589=US$1; €1=US$1.0534. US Federal Reserve, “List of Exchange Rates (Annual),” 9 January 2023.

[4] See previous Support for Mine Action country profiles. ICBL-CMC, “Country Profiles: Vietnam,” undated; ICBL, Landmine Monitor 2022 (ICBL-CMC: Geneva, November 2022); and ICBL, Landmine Monitor 2021 (ICBL-CMC: Geneva, November 2021).