The Republic of Estonia acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty on 12 May 2004, becoming a State Party on 1 November 2004. Estonia has never used, produced, exported, or imported antipersonnel mines, including for training purposes. The Estonian criminal code and specific legislation which entered into force on 5 February 2004 provide for the imposition of penal sanctions as required by the treaty. On 30 April 2012, Estonia submitted its eighth Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report.
At times Estonia has stated that it had a small stockpile of antipersonnel mines and at other times it has stated that it did not maintain a stockpile. Its Article 7 report for calendar year 2011 states that Estonia does not possess a stockpile of antipersonnel mines or mines retained for training purposes.
Estonia served as co-rapporteur and then co-chair of the Standing Committee on Stockpile Destruction from 2005–2007.
Estonia did not attend the Eleventh Meeting of States Parties in Phnom Penh, Cambodia in November–December 2011. Estonia attended the intersessional Standing Committee meetings of the treaty in Geneva in May 2012 but did not make any statements.
Estonia is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and its Amended Protocol II on landmines and Protocol V on explosive remnants of war.
 Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Forms B, D, and G(bis), 30 April 2012.