Summary: State Party Rwanda ratified the convention on 25 August 2015. It has participated in one meeting of the convention over the past decade. Rwanda voted in favor of a key United Nations (UN) resolution promoting the convention in 2018.
Rwanda states that it has never used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions. It must submit a transparency report for the convention to formally confirm this cluster munition-free status.
The Republic of Rwanda signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 3 December 2008, ratified on 25 August 2015, and the convention entered into force for the country on 1 February 2016.
Rwanda has not enacted implementing legislation for the Convention on Cluster Munitions. 
As of 15 June 2019, Rwanda had not provided its initial Article 7 transparency measures report for the Convention on Cluster Munitions, originally due by 31 July 2016. Timely submission of the report is a legal obligation.
Rwanda attended one regional meeting of the Oslo Process, in Kampala, Uganda in September 2008, that created the Convention on Cluster Munitions before it signed the convention in Oslo in December 2008. 
Rwanda attended the convention’s Third Meeting of the States Parties in Oslo, Norway in September 2012. This marked its first and, to date, only time Rwanda has participated in a meeting of the convention.
In December 2018, Rwanda voted in favor of a key UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution promoting implementation and universalization of the convention.  It voted in favor of previous UNGA resolutions promoting the convention in 2015 and 2017. 
During its term as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council (UNSC), Rwanda expressed concern in 2014 at the “reported use of cluster munitions” in Ukraine.  It voted in favor of a 2014 UNSC resolution that expressed concern at the “indiscriminate” use of cluster munitions in South Sudan.  Rwanda has also voted in favor of Human Rights Council (HRC) and UNGA resolutions condemning the use of cluster munitions in Syria, most recently in March 2019 and December 2018, respectively. 
Rwanda has not elaborated its views on certain important issues related to interpretation and implementation of the convention, such as the prohibition on transit, the prohibition on assistance during joint military operations with states not party that may use cluster munitions, the prohibition on foreign stockpiling of cluster munitions, the prohibition on investment in production of cluster munitions, and the need for retention of cluster munitions for training and development purposes.
Rwanda is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.
Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling
Rwanda stated in 2008 that it does not use, produce, transfer, or stockpile cluster munitions.  It must submit a transparency report for the convention to formally confirm this cluster munition-free status.
 Rwanda also attended a regional meeting on the convention in Kampala, Uganda in September 2008 and the Berlin Conference on the Destruction of Cluster Munitions in June 2009. For details on Rwanda’s cluster munition policy and practice through early 2009, see Human Rights Watch and Landmine Action, Banning Cluster Munitions: Government Policy and Practice (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, May 2009), p. 147.
 “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 73/54, 5 December 2018.
 Rwanda was absent from the vote on the 2016 UNGA resolution on the convention.
 “Provisional report of the 7287th meeting of the UN Security Council,” S/PV.7287, 24 October 2014, p. 17.
 The resolution noted “with serious concern reports of the indiscriminate use of cluster munitions” and called for “all parties to refrain from similar such use in the future.” UNSC, “Security Council, Adopting Resolution 2155 (2014), Extends Mandate of Mission In South Sudan, Bolstering Its Strength to Quell Surging Violence,” SC11414, 27 May 2014.
 “The human rights situation in the Syrian Arab Republic,” HRC Resolution 40/17, 22 March 2019; and “Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution 73/182, 17 December 2018.
 Statement of Rwanda, Kampala Conference on the Convention on Cluster Munitions, 30 September 2008. Notes by the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC).