Ten-Year Review: Non-signatory North Korea has not shown any interest in the convention or taken any steps to join it. North Korea has never participated in a meeting of the convention. It was absent for the vote on a key United Nations (UN) resolution promoting the convention in December 2019.
North Korea has produced cluster munitions and stockpiles them. It is not known to have used or exported cluster munitions.
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) has not acceded to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
North Korea did not participate in the Oslo Process that created the convention.
North Korea has never participated in a meeting of the convention or commented on its position on acceding to it.
In December 2019, North Korea was absent from the vote on a UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution urging states outside the Convention on Cluster Munitions to “join as soon as possible.” It has been absent from the vote on every annual UNGA resolution promoting the convention since 2015.
North Korea is not party to the Mine Ban Treaty nor the Convention on Conventional Weapons.
Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling
North Korea is not known to have used or exported cluster munitions.
Jane’s Information Group lists North Korea as producing and stockpiling submunition warheads for 122mm, 170mm, and 240mm rockets. North Korea has exported this rocket system, but it is not known if transfers have included the cluster munition variant.
Jane’s Information Group has listed the North Korean Air Force as possessing KMGU dispensers (which deploy submunitions), RBK-500 cluster bombs, and unspecified types of anti-armor and anti-runway cluster bombs.
 “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UN General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 74/62, 12 December 2019.
 Terry J. Gander and Charles Q. Cutshaw, eds., Jane’s Ammunition Handbook 2001–2002 (Surrey, UK: Jane’s Information Group Limited, 2001).
 Robert Hewson, ed., Jane’s Air-Launched Weapons, Issue 44 (Surrey, UK: Jane’s Information Group Limited, 2004), p. 841.