Guinea-Bissau

Last updated: 04 December 2017

Casualties Overview

All known casualties by end 2016

1,575 mine/explosive remnants of war (ERW) casualties from 1963 to December 2016

Casualties in 2016

1 (2015: 0)

2016 casualties by outcome

1 killed (2015: 0)

2016 casualties by device type

1 ERW

 

One casualty was reported in 2016 when a boy was killed by ERW in Bissora, Oio region.[1]

No casualties were reported in the Republic of Guinea-Bissau in 2015. In 2014, 41 casualties were recorded including at least 24 people killed, and another 16 injured; for one casualty it was not reported if the person survived.[2] Of the total recorded casualties in 2014, 22 people were killed and seven injured in a single incident when a minibus drove over a landmine near the town of Mansoa in the north of the country on 26 September 2015.[3] In October, two people were killed and six injured in an incident involving an unknown explosive device in Gabu province.[4]

The number of casualties in 2014 was more than four times the number of mine/ERW casualties that occurred in 2013, when 10 mine/ERW casualties were recorded—all within the region of Oio.[5]

There were a total of 1,574 casualties from mines/ERW reported from 1963 to December 2016.[6] However, this was not believed to be a comprehensive figure.[7] An estimated 80% of all casualties were male, the majority of whom were farmers.[8] No information was available on whether the figure included both military and civilian casualties.

Cluster munition casualties

While the total number of casualties from cluster munitions is not known in Guinea-Bissau, there were 11 casualties in 1998 during an attack on a weapons depot; the explosion that caused the casualties involved cluster munitions.[9]



[1] Email from Joao Kennedy de Pina Araujo, Director, Center for Physical Rehabilitation (Centro de Reabilitação Motora, CRM), 17 June 2016.

[2] This casualty figure is a revised total that includes new information on 12 additional casualties in four mine/ERW incidents in 2014. Casualty data provided in email from Joao Kennedy de Pina Araujo, CRM, 17 June 2016. Previously the Monitor had recorded 29 casualties in Guinea-Bissau in 2014 in a single incident.

[3]22 Killed in Guinea-Bissau Landmine Blast,” Telesur English, 27 September 2014; and “Guinea-Bissau landmine ‘kills 22,’” BBC, 27 September 2014.

[4] Casualty data provided in email from Joao Kennedy de Pina Araujo, CRM, 17 June 2016.

[5] The casualties were recorded by HUMAID, a demining organization, and provided to the Monitor via an email from Kennedy de Pina Araujo, CRM, 14 March 2014.

[6] Monitor analysis of statement of Guinea-Bissau, Mine Ban Treaty Thirteenth Meeting of States Parties, Geneva, 4 December 2013; and emails from Joao Kennedy de Pina Araujo, CRM, 17 June 2016; and from César de Carvalho, General Director, National Mine Action Coordination Center (Centro Nacional de Coordenação da Accão Anti-Minas, CAAMI), 12 March 2014.

[7] Statement of Guinea-Bissau, Mine Ban Treaty Thirteenth Meeting of States Parties, Geneva, 4 December 2013.

[8] Ibid.

[9] Handicap International (HI), Circle of Impact:The Fatal Footprint of Cluster Munitions on People and Communities (Brussels: HI, May 2007), Annex 2, p. 145.