Mine Action

Last updated: 07 November 2018


Treaty status

Mine Ban Treaty

State Party
Article 5 deadline: 1 February 2025
Unclear whether on track

Mine action management

National mine action management actors

No mine action center, Oman plans to establish one

Mine action strategic plan


Operators in 2017

Army engineers

Extent of contamination as of end 2017


Extent unknown

Cluster munition remnants


Land release in 2017


1,700m2cleared. Number of mines destroyed is not reported

Other ERW




Oman needs establish a mine action program and center, to provide information about its mine contamination, and a workplan for survey and clearance

Note: ERW = explosive remnants of war.


The Sultanate of Oman is suspected to be contaminated by mines, though the precise location and extent of any residual threat is not known. In its initial Article 7 report, submitted in 2015, Oman declared that there were no areas in the Sultanate confirmed to be mined, but reported “many” suspected mined areas in the south, particularly in the Dhofar region.[1]

According to its 2015 report, during the mid-1960s to mid-1970s the presence of rebel movements in Dhofar led to “vast” areas being affected by antipersonnel and antivehicle mines. After the end of the conflict in 1975, the government made significant efforts to clear the areas, but it is impossible to be sure that the areas have been fully cleared. This is for three reasons: the size of the region (about 99,000km²); the lack of maps or marking; and the terrain (which includes mountains and valleys), with many mined areas located on steep slopes. In addition, the rain over the years may have scattered the mines.[2]

In 2001, it had been reported that the Royal Army of Oman had mapped seven zones of suspected mined areas based on historical records of battlefield areas, unit positions, and mine incident reports.[3]

Program Management

In its statement before the Committee on Article 5 Implementation during the June 2018 Intersessional Meetings, Oman reported that they began implementing a national program in 2017 and are planning to set up a national mine action center but have not specified when this will occur.[4]

In its Article 7 transparency report for 2016, it reported that survey and clearance is being performed by its army engineers.[5]

Land Release

Oman declared in its latest Article 7 report that in 2017 a clearance plan was formulated in the “southern strategic sector” and approximately 1,700m2 of land was cleared. It did not specify where exactly this clearance had taken place nor the number or type of mines that were destroyed.[6]

Article 5 Compliance

Under Article 5 of the Mine Ban Treaty, Oman is required to destroy all antipersonnel mines in mined areas under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible, but not later than 1 February 2025.

In its Article 7 report for 2017, Oman stated that it is “trying hard” to clear mined areas by 2024.[7] At the June 2018 Intersessional Meetings, Oman promised to provide a comprehensive report at the Seventeenth Meeting of States Parties in November 2018, including all the information that has been requested on demining activities since the 1970s, what has been done as part of their new program, and the support that they will need to complete clearance.[8]


The Monitor acknowledges the contributions of the Mine Action Review (, which has conducted the primary mine action research in 2018 and shared all its country-level landmine reports (from“Clearing the Mines 2018”) and country-level cluster munition reports (from “Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2018”) with the Monitor. The Monitor is responsible for the findings presented online and in its print publications.

[1] Mine Ban Treaty Initial Article 7 Report, 2015, pp. 4–5.

[2] Ibid., pp. 4–5.

[3] “Humanitarian Demining,” Journal of Mine Action, 2001, p. 49.

[4] Statement of Oman, Committee on Article 5 Implementation, 5–8 June 2018.

[5] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2016).

[6] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2017).

[7] Ibid.

[8] Statement of Oman, Committee on Article 5 Implementation, 5–8 June 2018.