Mine Ban Policy

Last updated: 09 October 2018


The Sultanate of Oman acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty on 20 August 2014 and the treaty entered into force for the country on 1 February 2015, making Oman the 162nd State Party.[1]

Oman reported that it had directed the legislative authority to create legislation that criminalizes any violation of the treaty and established a permanent committee for the implementation of the treaty at the office of the army chief of staff.[2] In its Article 7 report submitted in May 2017, Oman reported that it had taken several legal measures to implement the Mine Ban Treaty, including Sultan’s Order 26/2014 on joining the convention, and that Oman had included the convention articles in Omani Penal Law and Military Judicial Law, and ordered all military institutions to cease providing instruction on antipersonnel landmine use.[3]

Oman participated as an observer at the Mine Ban Treaty’s First Review Conference in Nairobi in 2004 and the Third Review Conference in Maputo, Mozambique in June 2014. It attended most of the treaty’s Meetings of States Parties, including the Sixteenth Meeting of States Parties in Vienna in December 2017, where it did not make any statements. Oman has also participated in many of the treaty’s intersessional meetings in Geneva, including in June 2018.

Oman is not a party to the Convention on Cluster Munitions or the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Oman is obligated to destroy its stockpile of antipersonnel mines as soon as possible but no later than 1 February 2019.

In its initial Article 7 transparency report in 2015, Oman declared a stockpile of 17,260 antipersonnel mines of Belgian, British, and German manufacture.[4] It has stated its intention to retain 2,000 antipersonnel mines and has established an implementation unit to organize stockpile destruction and clearance.[5] Oman noted in its initial Article 7 report that while it possessed an operational stock of claymore mines, they were limited to command detonation mode.[6]

Oman’s 2018 Article 7 transparency report stated that 4,578 antipersonnel mines were destroyed during 2017. The report indicated that it would finish its stockpile destruction during 2018.[7] Oman’s 2017 Article 7 transparency report stated that it destroyed 3,052 antipersonnel mines during 2016.[8] To date, Oman has declared the destruction of 9,156 antipersonnel mines, just over 50% of its stockpile.

Officials previously stated that Oman has never produced or exported antipersonnel mines, but imported and used them in the past.[9]

[1] Oman’s Ambassador Lyutha Sultan Al-Mughairy deposited the accession instrument at the United Nations (UN) in New York on 20 August 2014. In a statement, she said the move “demonstrates that all States from all parts of the world have a role to play in ending the suffering caused by these insidious weapons.” Mine Ban Treaty Implementation Support Unit, “Oman becomes the 162nd State Party to the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention,” 20 August 2014. Oman participated in the Ottawa Process leading to the Mine Ban Treaty and has remained sporadically engaged. The ICBL engaged with Oman on the Mine Ban Treaty for years, with visits to Muscat by its diplomatic adviser in 2012 and other representatives in 2007. In March 2014, Oman’s Foreign Affairs Minister, Youssef bin Alawi bin Abdullah, informed the Mine Ban Treaty envoy, Princess Astrid of Belgium, of the government’s decision to join the Mine Ban Treaty.

[2] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (in Arabic), August 2015. Translation by the Monitor.

[3] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (in Arabic), Form A, 8 May 2017. No details or names of laws were provided, nor copies of their texts.

[4] Oman listed a stockpile of 1,556 No. 7 (UK); 12,560 PRB M409 (Belgium); and 3,144 DM31 (German) antipersonnel mines.Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (in Arabic), August 2015. Translation by the Monitor.

[5] It stated the intention to retain 300 No. 7; 1,000 PRB M409; and 700 DM31 antipersonnel mines for training. Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (in Arabic), August 2015. Translation by the Monitor. The Article 7 report noted that there could be 99,000km2 of suspected hazardous areas containing antipersonnel and antivehicle mines and explosive remnants of war remaining from the 1962–1976 Dhofar rebellion.

[6] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (in Arabic), August 2015. Translation by the Monitor.

[7] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (in Arabic), 6 June 2018, p. 6. Translation by the Monitor. In 2017, 377 No. 7 antipersonnel mines, 3,468 PRBM 409 antipersonnel mines, and 733 DM31 antipersonnel mines were destroyed.

[8] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (in Arabic), 8 May 2017, states that in 2016 Oman destroyed 251 No. 7 dingbat mines; 2,312 M409 mines; and 489 DM 31 mines. The report states that in 2017, 4,578 mines will be destroyed and in 2018, 3,104 mines will be destroyed. Destruction is taking place by open detonation at Wadi Al Maowel and Wadi Adunab. The Article 7 report noted that mine clearance of Sarfayt, Dhofar governate, near the border with Yemen, was completed in 2016. In the previous year, Oman reported that between 13–16 September 2015, Oman destroyed 826 antipersonnel mines: 126 No. 7 dingbat mines; 578 M409 mines; and 122 DM 31 antipersonnel mines. Subsequently between 20–23 September 2015, Oman destroyed 700 antipersonnel mines: 578 M409 mines; and 122 DM 31 mines. Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (in Arabic), undated, p. 2. The report is in a non-standard format of four pages.

[9] Interview with Staff Cmdr. Maj. Elbarami, Ministry of Defense, Mine Ban Treaty Eighth Meeting of States Parties, at the Dead Sea, 19 November 2007.