Mine Ban Policy

Last updated: 18 December 2019


Romania signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997, and ratified it on 30 November 2000, becoming a State Party on 1 May 2001. Romania believes that existing legislation is sufficient to enforce the antipersonnel mine prohibition domestically.

Romania served on the Standing Committee on Stockpile Destruction in 2001–2003 and 2011–2012. It also served as Vice President of the Twelfth Meeting of States Parties in 2012.

Romania has attended most meetings of the treaty, including the Third Review Conference in Maputo in June 2014. More recently, Romania attended the Seventeenth Meeting of States Parties in Geneva in November 2018 and the intersessional meetings in Geneva in May 2019, but did not provide a statement at either meeting.

Romania is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and its Amended Protocol II on landmines and Protocol V on explosive remnants of war. Romania is not party to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

Production, transfer, use, and stockpiling

Romanian state factories produced seven types of antipersonnel landmines: the MAI 2 stake fragmentation mine, the MAI 68 blast mine, the MAI 75 blast mine, the MAI-GR 1 blast mine, the MAI-GR 2 blast mine, the MAIGA-4 directional fragmentation mine, and the MSS bounding mine.[1] Romania was also a landmine exporter; its mines reportedly were used in the conflict in Iraqi Kurdistan.[2] Antipersonnel mine production ceased in 1990 and an export moratorium entered into effect in 1995.

Romania completed the destruction of its stockpile of 1,075,074 antipersonnel mines in March 2004. It initially retained 4,000 antipersonnel mines for training purposes but revised this number to 2,500 in 2004. This number was further reduced to 2,395 in 2013, and has remained unchanged through the end of 2018.[3]

[1] United States Department of Defense, “Mine Facts,” CD ROM.

[2] Human Rights Watch Arms Project and Physicians for Human Rights, Landmines: A Deadly Legacy (New York: Human Rights Watch, October 1993), p. 104.

[3] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form D, 2014.